Learn More
A putative Akt kinase phosphorylation site ((64)ydRIRplSYp(73)) was found in Rac1/CDC42 and Rho family proteins (RhoA, RhoB, RhoC, and RhoG). Phosphorylation of Rac1 by Akt kinase was assayed with recombinant Rac1 protein and the fluorescein-labeled Rac1 peptide. It was shown that the Rac1 peptide and the recombinant protein were phosphorylated by the(More)
A total of 720 Escherichia coli strains isolated from diarrheic piglets on 756 swine farms were screened for the presence of the enteroaggregative E. coli heat-stable enterotoxin 1 (EAST1) gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Escherichia coli strains that carried EAST1 genes were also tested by PCR for the presence of 4 fimbriae (F4, F5, F6, F41), 2(More)
A retrospective study was made of natural infections with Isospora suis in nursing piglets, recorded from April 1994 to May 1997, to determine the prevalence, microscopical lesions and other microorganisms associated with coccidiosis. One hundred and five (17.3 per cent) of the 605 nursing piglets submitted from 304 pig farms were diagnosed positive for(More)
We investigated the effect of intrapenile injection of muscle-derived cells (MDC) on the erectile function in rats with bilateral cavernous nerve injury. Rat MDC were harvested and transduced with a retrovirus expressing the lacZ gene. Hanks' balanced salt solution (HBSS) (20 microl) or MDC (1 x 10(6) cells/side) were injected in each corpora cavernosa(More)
With the amino acid sequences of all reported Akt kinase physiological substrates, the possible Akt kinase substrate specificity has been suggested. The serine/threonine residue to be phosphorylated in these proteins is placed within stretches of amino acids with homology, and the arginine residues on the -5 and -3 positions and a hydrophobic amino acid on(More)
Over the last decades, the incidence of ultraviolet B (UVB)-related skin problems has been increasing. Damages induced by UVB radiation are related to mutations that occur as a result of direct DNA damage and/or the production of reactive oxygen species. We investigated the anti-oxidant effects of a Polygonum multiflorum thumb extract against skin damage(More)
A genomic library of biphenyl-degrading Comamonas sp. SMN4 for isolating fragments containing the 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl 1,2-dioxygenase (23DBDO) gene was constructed. The smallest subclone (pNPX9) encoding 23DBDO activity was sequenced and analyzed. The C-terminal domain of 23DBDO from Comamonas sp. SMN4 had five catalytically essential residues and was(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces apoptotic cell death as well as expression of proinflammatory genes such as CXCL8 in malignant human astrocytoma cells. However, the molecular mechanisms that determine the fate of cells are not yet understood. The ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome pathway regulates a wide range of cellular(More)
A PCR was used to determine the genotypic prevalence of five fimbrial adhesins (F4, F5, F6, F41 and F18), two heat-stable enterotoxins (STa and STb), the heat-labile enterotoxin (LT), and the shiga toxin 2e (Stx2e) in 230 isolates of Escherichia coli from postweaning pigs with diarrhoea or oedema disease. Ninety-four (40.9 per cent) of the isolates carried(More)
The protein melanotransferrin (p97) is associated with the brain lesions of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is a potential marker of the disorder. We measured serum p97 concentrations in 211 subjects: 71 patients with AD, 56 patients with non-AD-type dementia, and 84 normal control subjects. Serum p97 concentrations were elevated 3- to 4-fold in AD (median(More)