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A putative Akt kinase phosphorylation site ((64)ydRIRplSYp(73)) was found in Rac1/CDC42 and Rho family proteins (RhoA, RhoB, RhoC, and RhoG). Phosphorylation of Rac1 by Akt kinase was assayed with recombinant Rac1 protein and the fluorescein-labeled Rac1 peptide. It was shown that the Rac1 peptide and the recombinant protein were phosphorylated by the(More)
Adiponectin is known to be an anti-diabetic adipocytokine. However, the action mechanism by which it produces this effect remains controversial. In the present study, we investigated the long-term central effect of adiponectin on energy homeostasis, peripheral insulin resistance, β-cell function and mass in rats and aimed to determine the mechanism by which(More)
The expression of interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and IL-6 were studied over a period of 35 days in the lungs of pigs experimentally infected with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), morphometric analysis and in-situ hybridization. Fifteen colostrum-deprived(More)
A total of 720 Escherichia coli strains isolated from diarrheic piglets on 756 swine farms were screened for the presence of the enteroaggregative E. coli heat-stable enterotoxin 1 (EAST1) gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Escherichia coli strains that carried EAST1 genes were also tested by PCR for the presence of 4 fimbriae (F4, F5, F6, F41), 2(More)
With the amino acid sequences of all reported Akt kinase physiological substrates, the possible Akt kinase substrate specificity has been suggested. The serine/threonine residue to be phosphorylated in these proteins is placed within stretches of amino acids with homology, and the arginine residues on the -5 and -3 positions and a hydrophobic amino acid on(More)
Uteroglobin (UG) is an anti-inflammatory/immunomodulatory protein. Targeted disruption of UG rendered mouse glomerulonephritis resembling immunoglobulin (Ig)A nephropathy (IgAN). Sequence analysis on exon 1 of UG showed several putative binding sites for transcription factors, and polymorphisms in this site might influence the expression level of UG as a(More)
The protein melanotransferrin (p97) is associated with the brain lesions of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is a potential marker of the disorder. We measured serum p97 concentrations in 211 subjects: 71 patients with AD, 56 patients with non-AD-type dementia, and 84 normal control subjects. Serum p97 concentrations were elevated 3- to 4-fold in AD (median(More)
A retrospective study was made of natural infections with Isospora suis in nursing piglets, recorded from April 1994 to May 1997, to determine the prevalence, microscopical lesions and other microorganisms associated with coccidiosis. One hundred and five (17.3 per cent) of the 605 nursing piglets submitted from 304 pig farms were diagnosed positive for(More)
The chronologic localization of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae was examined by in situ hybridization in experimentally infected pigs for a period of 35 days after intratracheal inoculation. M. hyopneumoniae DNA was detected in bronchial and bronchiolar epithelial cells from infected pigs at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days postinoculation (DPI) and in alveolar and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common metabolic syndromes and is characterized by the accumulation of hepatic triglycerides (TG), which result from an imbalance between uptake, synthesis, export, and oxidation of fatty acids. Curcumin is a polyphenol derived from the herbal remedy and dietary spice(More)