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BACKGROUND A nationwide hepatitis B vaccination program was implemented in Taiwan in July 1984. To assess the effect of the program on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma, we studied the incidence of this cancer in children in Taiwan from 1981 to 1994. METHODS We collected data on liver cancer in children from Taiwan's National Cancer Registry,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Six genotypes (A-F) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) have been identified; however, the genotype-related differences in the pathogenicity of HBV remain unknown. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of HBV genotypes in Taiwan and the association between distinct genotypes and severity of liver disease in a cross-sectional study. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Possible pathogenic differences among hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes have been observed; however, the response to interferon therapy among HBV genotypes remains unknown. We therefore analyzed the efficacy of interferon alfa in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B patients with different HBV genotypes. METHODS Fifty-eight genotype B or C(More)
Cervical root nerve transfer from the contralateral side has been used for the treatment of brachial plexus root avulsion in 49 patients. Resection of C7 root from the healthy side has produced no long-term symptoms or signs. Nine patients with ten recipient nerves have been followed up for more than two years and seven have obtained a functional recovery.(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) cloned from the liver tissue of a Taiwanese patient with post-transfusion type C hepatitis was determined. The 5' end of HCV genomic RNA was located 341 nucleotides upstream from the initiation codon for the viral polyprotein open reading frame. The 5' end of the viral antigenomic RNA was shown to(More)
To combat hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Taiwan, a mass immunoprophylaxis program was launched on July 1, 1984, aiming first at prevention of chronic HBV carriage from perinatal mother-to-infant infection. In the first 15-month period, 352,721 (78%) of 450,585 pregnant women were screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg); HBsAg was present in(More)
From 1986 to 1994, 82 patients with brachial plexus root avulsion were operated on using a contralateral C7 nerve-root transfer. Forty-four patients underwent a one-stage procedure in which the distal end of the ulnar nerve was anastomosed to the contralateral C7 root, and the other 38 underwent a two-stage procedure (first phase: C7 root --> ulnar nerve;(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the seroepidemiology of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in children 10 years after a mass hepatitis B vaccination program was begun in Taiwan. DESIGN Cross-sectional seroprevalence survey. SETTING Cheng-Chung/Chung-Cheng District, Taipei, Taiwan, 1994. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Serum samples from 1515 healthy children younger than 12(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is hyperendemic in Taiwan. Before universal HBV immunization was started in Taiwan in 1984, the carrier rate for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was 15% to 20% in the general population. OBJECTIVE To quantify the population impact of a mass vaccination program for HBV 15 years after its implementation. (More)