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The guanidine hydrochloride- (GuHCl-) induced unfolding and refolding of a recombinant domain of bovine microsomal cytochrome b(5) containing the first 104 amino acid residues has been characterized by both transient and equilibrium spectrophotometric methods. The soluble domain is reversibly unfolded and the equilibrium reaction may be monitored by changes(More)
The refolding and unfolding kinetics of a soluble domain of apocytochrome b5 extending from residue 1 to 104 have been characterized using stopped flow and equilibrium-based fluorescence methods. The isolated apoprotein unfolds reversibly in the presence of GuHCl. From cooperative unfolding curves, the conformational stability (Delta G(uw)), in the absence(More)
The revision of the subcellular model of hormone action is described, with an incorporation of potential autocrine mechanisms. A general overview of available assay methodologies considers the major disadvantages of earlier methods and describes in detail the current methodologies (sucrose gradient analysis, dextran-coated charcoal assays, ER-EIA, ERICA). A(More)
The nuclear magnetic resonance solution structure of alpha-conotoxin SI has been determined at pH 4.2. The 36 lowest energy structures show that alpha-conotoxin SI exists in a single major solution conformation and is stabilized by six hydrogen bonds. Comparisons are made between the SI solution structure and the solution and crystal structures of(More)
The assignment of proton resonances in both redox states of a heme protein is necessary for the evaluation of pseudocontact shift data. Many new assignments are presented here for cytochrome b5, particularly in the paramagnetic oxidised state, thereby allowing both the calculation of electronic g-tensor values with the magnetic axis orientation and a(More)
The cytochrome b(5) tail is a 43-residue membrane-embedded domain that is responsible for anchoring the catalytic domain of cytochrome b(5) to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Different models for the structure of the membrane domain of cytochrome b(5) have been proposed, including a helical hairpin and a single transmembrane helix. In the present study,(More)
The association of the tryptic fragment of bovine microsomal cytochrome b5 with cytochrome c has been studied by one- and two-dimensional 1H-NMR spectroscopy. The association of cytochromes to form protein complexes is apparent from the increase in linewidths for resonances of ferricytochrome b5 as well as small perturbations in their chemical shifts that(More)
Two-dimensional 1H NMR spectroscopy is used to examine the structure and mobility of cytochrome b5 in solution. The assignment of many residues and the interpretation of nuclear Overhauser effects (NOEs) in both redox states allow definition of secondary structural elements. Comparison with X-ray diffraction data shows that differences between crystal and(More)
One-dimensional and two-dimensional 1H-NMR methods and paramagnetic difference spectroscopy have defined cation binding domains on the surface of the tryptic fragment of microsomal cytochrome b5. The addition of tris(ethylenediamine) chromium(III) [Cr(en)3(3+)] to solutions of ferricytochrome b5 reveals at least three distinct sites on the surface of the(More)