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Usher syndrome represents the association of a hearing impairment with retinitis pigmentosa and is the most frequent cause of deaf-blindness in humans. It is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait which is clinically and genetically heterogeneous. Some patients show abnormal organization of microtubules in the axoneme of their photoreceptors cells(More)
The cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein (CPEB) has been characterized in Xenopus laevis as a translational regulator. During the early development, it behaves first as an inhibitor and later as an activator of translation. In mammals, its closest homologue is CPEB1 for which two isoforms, short and long, have been described. Here we describe(More)
Defects in myosin VIIa, harmonin (a PDZ domain protein), cadherin 23, protocadherin 15 and sans (a putative scaffolding protein), underlie five forms of Usher syndrome type I (USH1). Mouse mutants for all these proteins exhibit disorganization of their hair bundle, which is the mechanotransduction receptive structure of the inner ear sensory cells, the(More)
The whirler mouse mutant (wi) does not respond to sound stimuli, and detailed ultrastructural analysis of sensory hair cells in the organ of Corti of the inner ear indicates that the whirler gene encodes a protein involved in the elongation and maintenance of stereocilia in both inner hair cells (IHCs) and outer hair cells (OHCs). BAC-mediated transgene(More)
Usher syndrome type I (USH1) is the most frequent cause of hereditary deaf-blindness in humans. Seven genetic loci (USH1A-G) have been implicated in this disease to date, and four of the corresponding genes have been identified: USH1B, C, D and F. We carried out fine mapping of USH1G (chromosome 17q24-25), restricting the location of this gene to an(More)
A candidate gene for Branchio-Oto-Renal (BOR) syndrome was identified at chromosome 8q13.3 by positional cloning and shown to underlie the disease. This gene is a human homologue of the Drosophila eyes absent gene (eya), and was therefore called EYA1. A highly conserved 271-amino acid C-terminal region was also found in the products of two other human genes(More)
Usher syndrome type IIa (USH2A) combines moderate to severe congenital hearing impairment and retinitis pigmentosa. It is the most common genetic form of USH. USH2A encodes usherin, which was previously defined as a basement membrane protein. A much larger USH2A transcript predicted to encode a transmembrane (TM) isoform was recently reported. Here, we(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate that very large G-protein-coupled receptor 1 (Vlgr1) makes up the ankle links that connect the stereocilia of hair cells at their base. Here, we show that the transmembrane protein usherin, the putative transmembrane protein vezatin, and the PDZ (postsynaptic density-95/Discs large/zona occludens-1) domain-containing(More)
Prelingual non-syndromic (isolated) deafness is the most frequent hereditary sensory defect. In >80% of the cases, the mode of transmission is autosomal recessive. To date, 14 loci have been identified for the recessive forms (DFNB loci). For two of them, DFNB1 and DFNB2, the genes responsible have been characterized; they encode connexin 26 and myosin(More)
Hereditary non-syndromic profound deafness affects about 1 in 2000 children prior to language acquisition. In 80% of the cases, the mode of transmission is autosomal recessive. The number of genes involved in these recessive forms of isolated deafness (DFNB genes) has been estimated to between 30 and 100. So far, ten DFNB genes have been mapped to human(More)