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Surveys in Zebu cattle in the Lambwe Valley in 1980 indicated that many (up to 70%) were infected with trypanosomes. The predominant parasite was Trypanosoma brucei sspl followed by T. congolense. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis showed a high proportion of animals with pleocytosis and elevated total CSF protein. Trypanosomes were detected in CSF and(More)
Gambian sleeping sickness entered what is now Kenya from Uganda in about 1901 and quickly spread along the Kenyan shores and islands of Lake Victoria, reaching Tanzania in 1902. By 1910 the disease had spread 25 miles inland along the Kuja and Migori rivers and their tributaries. Sleeping sickness waxed and waned in these areas despite attempts to control(More)
During an outbreak of Rhodesian sleeping sickness in the Lambwe Valley in 1980 initial tsetse control measures consisted of applications of dieldrin to the periphery of the Ruma National Park. This activity had a marked effect on the prevalence of sleeping sickness. Concern about the use of dieldrin caused the cessation of this programme and justified an(More)
By 1936 the Lambwe Valley, which had been heavily populated in the early years of this century, was nearly devoid of people. Population since that time has increased markedly as a result of a settlement scheme and efforts made to control and eradicate Glossina pallidipes and trypanosomiasis. The formation of a game reserve (now a National Park) prevented(More)
A total of 912 cases of sleeping sickness have been recorded from the Lambwe Valley from 1959 to 1984. After a period of decreasing prevalence in the 1970s an outbreak of disease occurred between 1980 and 1984. The incidence of disease for this five-year period was highest in areas adjoining the Ruma National Park, reaching 54% in Area I. Attack rates were(More)
Thirty-four per cent of the population (11,079) in the Lambwe Valley study site was under the age of 10, and 59% were under the age of 20. The population was equally divided among males and females (M/F 0.99). The crude birth rate averaged 45%; the death rate was 8% and the natural increase averaged 37%. Infant and child mortality was 66% and 108%(More)
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