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Drugs of abuse are commonly co-abused, and frequently these combinations produce effects which cannot be predicted by studying the effects of the individual drugs. To investigate the behavioral interactions which occur following combinations of cocaine plus amphetamine or cocaine plus morphine, rats were trained to respond under a differential reinforcement(More)
Drugs of abuse produce amnestic effects in humans and laboratory animals in a variety of tasks. Generally, only a few compounds have been examined in any particular procedure. It was the goal of the present studies to examine drugs of abuse of different pharmacological classes in rats responding under two behavioral schedules historically employed as(More)
Primary systemic therapy (PST) for operable breast cancer enables the identification of in vivo biological markers that predict response to treatment. A total of 118 patients with T2-4 N0-1 M0 primary breast cancer received six cycles of anthracycline-based PST. Clinical and radiological response was assessed before and after treatment using UICC criteria.(More)
Five adult, male White Carneaux pigeons were trained to respond under a titrating delayed matching-to-sample schedule of reinforcement. Under this schedule, the length of the delay was changed as a function of the pigeons' performances in a manner that resulted in approximately 80% accuracy in matching performance. During the first five trials of each(More)
Five adult, male White Carneau pigeons were trained to respond under a titrating matching-to-sample schedule of reinforcement. Under this titration schedule, each trial began with the presentation of a sample stimulus (red or green light) on the center key of a three-key pigeon chamber. Completion of 15 responses on the center key resulted in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Increased oxygen extraction fraction on PET has been considered a risk factor for stroke in patients with carotid stenosis or occlusion, though the strength of this association has recently been questioned. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the association between increased oxygen extraction fraction and(More)
Core biopsy (CB) has now largely replaced fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the preoperative assessment of breast cancer in the UK. We studied the contribution of FNAC and CB in the preoperative diagnosis of screen-detected breast carcinoma. Data were prospectively collected on 150 840 women who underwent breast screening over a 4-year period from(More)
Undiagnosed mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) often leads to poor patient management and significant morbidity. The lack of an efficient screening tool is especially apparent in the athletic setting, where repetitive injuries can lead to prolonged disability. We have developed the Display Enhanced Testing for Concussions and mTBI system (DETECT), in order(More)
Groups of 16 Sprague-Dawley rats each were exposed by whole-body inhalation methods to JP-8 jet fuel at the highest vapor concentration without formation of aerosol (1,000 +/- 10% mg/m3); to 50% of this concentration (500 +/- 10% mg/m3); or to treated room air (70 +/- 81 L/min) for 6 h/d, 5 d/wk, for 6 wk (180 h). Although two subjects died of apparent(More)
Eligibility for anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) therapy in most European countries is restricted to severe, active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The DAS28 score is a marker of disease severity and incorporates one of two inflammatory markers, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) or C-reactive protein. We aimed to determine the relation between genetic(More)