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We have sequenced and annotated the genome of fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe), which contains the smallest number of protein-coding genes yet recorded for a eukaryote: 4,824. The centromeres are between 35 and 110 kilobases (kb) and contain related repeats including a highly conserved 1.8-kb element. Regions upstream of genes are longer than in(More)
A population-based cohort study identified 915 deaths in 4186 patients with diabetes mellitus over a 5-year period. Ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and malignant neoplasms were the major causes of death and accounted for 40%, 16%, and 14% of deaths, respectively, compared with 27%, 14%, and 25% of deaths in the non-diabetic population.(More)
The nucleotide sequences of a Schizosaccharomyces pombe opal suppressor serine tRNA gene (sup9-e) and of 12 in vivo-generated mutant genes, which have lost the ability to suppress UGA mutations, have been determined. Analysis of the expression of these genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae in vitro and in vivo systems has revealed defects in tRNA gene(More)
OBJECTIVE The goals of this study were to examine the influence of maternal type 1 diabetes during pregnancy on offspring adiposity and glucose tolerance at age 7 years and to assess whether metabolic factors at birth (neonatal leptin and insulin) predict adverse outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We examined 100 offspring of mothers with type 1(More)
Twenty normal volunteers had measurements of 24-hr whole-body retention (WBR) of three structurally related Tc-99m-labeled phosphonate skeletal imaging agents: (1-hydroxyethylidene) diphosphonate (HEDP), methylene diphosphonate (MDP), and hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (HMDP). The average WBR values, reflecting skeletal uptake, were 18.4, 30.3, and 36.6%,(More)
Large-scale systematic sequencing has generally depended on the availability of an ordered library of large-insert bacterial or viral genomic clones for the organism under study. The generation of these large insert libraries, and the location of each clone on a genome map, is a laborious and time-consuming process. In an effort to overcome these problems,(More)
A standardized intravenous regimen has been assessed, in 25 insulin-treated diabetic women, for insulin and dextrose therapy in labour and delivery. Adjustments to insulin infusion rate are determined by trends in blood glucose as well as by absolute concentration, in order to approach normoglycaemia. Blood glucose was 5.0 (SD 1.7) mmol l-1 on arrival in(More)
The reproducibility of albumin concentration in first-morning samples of urine was assessed in 334 insulin-dependent diabetic patients aged 18-60 years. The albumin excretion rate was determined immunoturbidimetrically in three sterile, Albustix-negative, first-morning urine samples submitted over a week. An abnormally high mean value, greater than or equal(More)
The value of pre-treatment serum tumour marker levels in 85 consecutive patients of newly diagnosed metastatic breast cancer was prospectively assessed for predicting response to therapy and survival. The markers studied were carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), orosomucoid (ORO), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C reactive protein (CRP), ferritin (FERR),(More)
We describe a method for the immunocytochemical assessment of estrogen receptor (ER) status on routinely processed, formalin-fixed tissue using a recently developed commercially available monoclonal antibody (Dako 1D5) with a microwave antigen retrieval technique. A series of 90 cases of human breast carcinoma was analyzed and the staining was assessed(More)