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BACKGROUND Plant cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (CYP) mediate synthesis and metabolism of many physiologically important primary and secondary compounds that are related to plant defense against a range of pathogenic microbes and insects. To determine if cytochrome P450 monooxygenases are involved in defense response to Xylella fastidiosa (Xf) infection, we(More)
The transport of 6-[18F]fluoro-L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine ([18F]FDOPA) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and neuronal membranes was compared with that of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) in rats. The carotid injection method was used as a direct measurement of [18F]FDOPA, 1-[14C]-L-DOPA, and 3-[14C]-L-DOPA transport across the BBB, while isolated(More)
Recently we demonstrated that IGF-1 expression is increased in the diabetic kidney and that it may involve in renal hypertrophy and extracellular matrix protein (ECM) accumulation in mesangial cells as seen in diabetic glomerulopathy. The present study investigates the molecular mechanism(s) of IGF-1 and Akt/glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3β) signaling(More)
Transgenic tobacco plants expressing the Caenorhabditis elegans programmed cell death gene ced-9, in both sense and antisense orientations, were produced using Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. The generated transgenic tobacco plants were tested for resistance to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita by measuring gall formation, size(More)
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