D Vassilacopoulou

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The gene encoding BC200 RNA arose from a monomeric Alu element. Subsequently, the RNA had been recruited or exapted into a function of the nervous system. Here we confirm the presence of the BC200 gene in several primate species among the Anthropoidea. The period following the divergence of New World monkeys and Old World monkeys from their common ancestor(More)
The Abeta peptide of Alzheimer disease is derived from the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor proteins (APP), which are considered type I transmembrane glycoproteins. Recently, however, soluble forms of full-length APP were also detected in several systems including chromaffin granules. In this report we used antisera specific for the(More)
Recent studies showed that the Alzheimer amyloid precursor (APP) occurs as the core protein of a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (appican) in C6 glioma cells. In the present study we show that appican is present in both human and rat brain tissue. Cortical rat brain cell cultures were used to identify appican-producing cells. Soluble secreted and(More)
The amyloid beta peptide (A beta) of Alzheimer disease is derived from the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor proteins (APPs), which are considered type I transmembrane proteins. Here we report that the soluble fraction of isolated adrenal medullary chromaffin granules (CG), a model neuronal secretory vesicle system, contains an antigen that(More)
The amyloid beta protein (A beta) of Alzheimer disease (AD) is derived from the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor proteins (APP), which are considered type I transmembrane proteins. Production of A beta from a transmembrane precursor predicts a proteolytic cleavage within the lipid bilayer, a site relatively inaccessible to proteases. Here we(More)
We previously demonstrated the presence of a soluble form of full-length Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the lumen of adrenal medullary chromaffin granules (CG). Furthermore, full-length APP is released from CG membranes in vitro at pH 9.0 by an enzymatic mechanism, sensitive to protease inhibitors [Vassilacopoulou et al. (1995) J. Neurochem.(More)
This work presents evidence on the association of active DDC molecules with membranes in mammalian brain. L-DOPA decarboxylase (DDC) is generally considered to be a cytosolic enzyme. Membrane-associated DDC was detected by immunoblotting and enzymatic assay experiments. DDC activity and immunoreactivity could be partially extracted from mammalian brain(More)
Amyloid beta protein (beta/A4 or A beta), the main proteinaceous component of the amyloid depositions of the Alzheimer's brain, derives from the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Cleavage of the amyloid precursor by at least two distinct secretase activities produces soluble secreted APP. The major secretase cleavage (site I)(More)
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