D Vassilacopoulou

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Recent studies showed that the Alzheimer amyloid precursor (APP) occurs as the core protein of a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (appican) in C6 glioma cells. In the present study we show that appican is present in both human and rat brain tissue. Cortical rat brain cell cultures were used to identify appican-producing cells. Soluble secreted and(More)
The Abeta peptide of Alzheimer disease is derived from the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor proteins (APP), which are considered type I transmembrane glycoproteins. Recently, however, soluble forms of full-length APP were also detected in several systems including chromaffin granules. In this report we used antisera specific for the(More)
The amyloid beta peptide (A beta) of Alzheimer disease is derived from the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor proteins (APPs), which are considered type I transmembrane proteins. Here we report that the soluble fraction of isolated adrenal medullary chromaffin granules (CG), a model neuronal secretory vesicle system, contains an antigen that(More)
The amyloid beta protein (A beta) of Alzheimer disease (AD) is derived from the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor proteins (APP), which are considered type I transmembrane proteins. Production of A beta from a transmembrane precursor predicts a proteolytic cleavage within the lipid bilayer, a site relatively inaccessible to proteases. Here we(More)
We previously demonstrated the presence of a soluble form of full-length Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the lumen of adrenal medullary chromaffin granules (CG). Furthermore, full-length APP is released from CG membranes in vitro at pH 9.0 by an enzymatic mechanism, sensitive to protease inhibitors [Vassilacopoulou et al. (1995) J. Neurochem.(More)
Female ACI rats were exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in utero to evaluate the effects on the peri-pubertal mammary gland with respect to 1) mammary gland morphology, 2) sensitivity to natural and synthetic estrogens, and 3) sensitivity to endogenous epidermal growth factor (EGF). Pregnant rats were injected with vehicle (sesame oil) or DES (total dose,(More)
Amyloid beta protein (beta/A4 or A beta), the main proteinaceous component of the amyloid depositions of the Alzheimer's brain, derives from the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Cleavage of the amyloid precursor by at least two distinct secretase activities produces soluble secreted APP. The major secretase cleavage (site I)(More)
ACI rats are distinguished by a polygenic trait resulting in unilateral agenesis of the urogenital system in 20-30% of animals of both sexes. This report details additional features, both morphological and physiological, which distinguish ACI rats with unilateral agenesis of the reproductive and urinary tracts from the majority of ACI rats that have intact(More)
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