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The G protein subunit alpha-gustducin is expressed in a subset of light (Type II) but not in dark (Type I) cells in rat vallate taste buds. The thymidine analogue 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) is incorporated into DNA during the S-phase of the cell cycle and can be used to determine the time of origin of a cell. In this study, 31 rats were injected with(More)
The G-protein subunit alpha-gustducin, which is similar to rod transducin, has been implicated in the transduction of both sweet- and bitter-tasting substances. In rodents, there are differences in sensitivity to sweet and bitter stimuli in different populations of taste buds. Rat fungiform taste buds are more responsive to salts than to sweet stimuli,(More)
Cells of mammalian taste buds have been classified into morphological types based on ultrastructural criteria, but investigators have disagreed as to whether these are distinct cell types or the extremes of a continuum. To address this issue, we examined taste buds from rat vallate papillae that had been sectioned transversely, rather than longitudinally,(More)
Several taste transduction mechanisms have been demonstrated in mammals, but little is known about their distribution within and across receptor cells. We recorded whole-cell responses of 120 taste cells of the rat fungiform papillae and soft palate maintained within the intact epithelium in a modified Ussing chamber, which allowed us to flow tastants(More)
Taste receptor cells are replaced throughout life, accompanied by continuing synaptogenesis between newly formed taste cells and first-order gustatory fibers. The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is expressed by a subset of taste cells in adult rodents and appears on gustatory nerve fibers during development prior to differentiation of the taste buds.(More)
In general, mammalian taste neurons are broadly responsive to stimuli representing different taste qualities. In the hamster, this breadth of tuning increases systematically from peripheral to successively higher brain stem neurons. Some investigators have classified taste-responsive neurons into "best-stimulus" categories on the basis of which of the four(More)
Responses of the rat chorda tympani nerve were obtained to stimulation of the tongue with both linearly rising anodal current of varying intensity and rate of rise and NaCl presented at different concentrations and rates of flow. The amplitude of the transient portion of the integrated chorda tympani response was a power function of the rate of current(More)
Taste reactivity, which was first described in the rat, consists of ingestive and aversive response components, the latter seen mostly to bitter-tasting stimuli. The present experiment characterized the hamster's taste reactivity to an array of stimuli (sugars: 1 M sucrose, d-fructose and d-glucose; sodium salts: 1 M NaCl, Na2SO4 and NaNO3; acids: 30 mM(More)