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We study decoherence in a qubit with the distance between the two levels affected by random flips of bistable fluctuators. For the case of a single fluctuator we evaluate explicitly an exact expression for the phase-memory decay in the echo experiment with a resonant ac excitation. The echo signal as a function of time shows a sequence of plateaus. The(More)
Anisotropic penetration of magnetic flux in MgB(2) films grown on vicinal sapphire substrates is investigated using magneto-optical imaging. Regular penetration above 10 K proceeds more easily along the substrate surface steps, the anisotropy of the critical current being 6%. At lower temperatures the penetration occurs via abrupt dendritic avalanches that(More)
We report a detailed comparison of experimental data and theoretical predictions for the dendritic flux instability, believed to be a generic behavior of type-II superconducting films. It is shown that a thermomagnetic model published very recently [Phys. Rev. B 73, 014512 (2006)10.1103/PhysRevB.73.014512] gives an excellent quantitative description of key(More)
– Magneto-optical imaging reveal that below 10 K the penetration of magnetic flux in MgB2 films is dominated by dendritic structures abruptly formed in response to an applied field. The dendrites show a temperature-dependent morphology ranging from quasi-1D at 4 K to large tree-like structures near 10 K. This behaviour is responsible for the anomalous noise(More)
We report on the first spatially resolved observation of mesoscopic flux jumps in superconducting films. Magneto-optical imaging was used to visualize the flux penetration in MgB2 films subjected to a slowly varying perpendicular field. Below 10 K, flux jumps with typical size 10-20 microns and regular shape are found to occur at random locations along the(More)
We calculate the temperature and magnetic field distributions in a bulk superconductor during the process of pulsed-field magnetic activation. The calculations are based on the heat diffusion equation with account of the heat produced by flux motion, and the critical state model with temperature dependent critical current density. For a given activation(More)
Flux penetration into type-II superconducting films is simulated for transverse applied magnetic field and flux creep dynamics. The films contain macroscopic nonconducting holes, and we introduce the holes in the simulation formalism by reconstruction of the magnetic field change inside the holes. We find that the holes induce a region of reduced flux(More)
A theoretical model for how Bloch walls occurring in in-plane magnetized ferrite garnet films can serve as efficient magnetic micromanipulators is presented. As an example, the walls' interaction with Abrikosov vortices in a superconductor in close contact with a garnet film is analyzed within the London approximation. The model explains how vortices are(More)
Crucially important for application of type-II superconductor films is the stability of the vortex matter--magnetic flux lines penetrating the material. If some vortices get detached from pinning centres, the energy dissipated by their motion will facilitate further depinning, and may trigger a massive electromagnetic breakdown. Up to now, the time-resolved(More)
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