D. V. Freistroffer

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The precision with which individual termination codons in mRNA are recognized by protein release factors (RFs) has been measured and compared with the decoding of sense codons by tRNA. An Escherichia coli system for protein synthesis in vitro with purified components was used to study the accuracy of termination by RF1 and RF2 in the presence or absence of(More)
Ribosomes complexed with synthetic mRNA and peptidyl-tRNA, ready for peptide release, were purified by gel filtration and used to study the function of release factor RF3 and guanine nucleotides in the termination of protein synthesis. The peptide-releasing activity of RF1 and RF2 in limiting concentrations was stimulated by the addition of RF3 and GTP,(More)
The dependence of the rate of ribosomal recycling (from initiation via protein elongation and termination, and then back to initiation) on the concentrations of release factor RF1 and the ribosome recycling factor (RRF) has been studied in vitro. High RF1 concentration was found to reduce the rate of ribosomal recycling and the extent of this reduction(More)
A complete translation system has been assembled from pure initiation, elongation and termination factors as well as pure aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. In this system, ribosomes perform repeated rounds of translation of short synthetic mRNAs which allows the time per translational round (the recycling time) to be measured. The system has been used to study(More)
Adult marine mammal muscles rely upon a suite of adaptations for sustained aerobic metabolism in the absence of freely available oxygen (O2). Although the importance of these adaptations for supporting aerobic diving patterns of adults is well understood, little is known about postnatal muscle development in young marine mammals. However, the typical(More)
An in vitro assay in which terminating Escherichia coli ribosomes with different stop signals in the A-site compete for a limited amount of a release factor (RF1 or RF2) has been used to estimate the relative termination efficiencies at stop codons with different adjacent downstream nucleotides. The assay allows direct measurements of relative kcat/Km(More)
The interaction of the chaperone SecB with ribosome-bound polypeptides that are in the process of elongation has been studied using an in vitro protein synthesis system. The binding is characterized by the same properties as those demonstrated for the binding of SecB to full-length proteins that are in nonnative conformation: it is readily reversible and(More)
Mutations in RNAs of both subunits of the Escherichia coli ribosome caused defects in catalysis of peptidyl-tRNA hydrolysis in a realistic in vitro termination system. Assaying the two codon-dependent cytoplasmic proteins that drive termination, RF1 and RF2, we observed large defects with RF2 but not with RF1, a result consistent with the in vivo properties(More)
Ribosome release factor (RRF) from Escherichia coli was overproduced from an osmo-expression vector. More than 40% of cell protein was RRF after 6 h of induction. A purification scheme is described that produced 50 mg of RRF from an initial culture of 2 L. The recycling time for ribosomes synthesising the tripeptide fMet-Phe-Leu in vitro in the absence of(More)
Early studies provided evidence that peptide-chain release factors (RFs) bind to both ribosomal subunits and trigger translation termination. Although many ribosomal proteins have been implicated in termination, very few data present direct biochemical evidence for the involvement of rRNA. Particularly absent is direct evidence for a role of a large subunit(More)