Learn More
A complement fixing IgM monoclonal antibody (1B10) that reacts with surface membrane molecules of human fibroblasts, tissue macrophages, and peripheral monocytes was produced. In Western blot analysis of detergent extracts of cultured human foreskin fibroblasts, antibody 1B10 detected protein bands of Mr 43,000 and 72-80,000. We used the 1B10 antibody with(More)
The cell surface expression and function of the LFA-1 ligand, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), on epidermal keratinocytes (EK) was studied. ICAM-1 expression on the surface of cultured EK was either absent or weak, but was induced by treating EK with rIFN-gamma or TNF for 4-48 h. IFN-gamma and TNF were synergistic. IFN-gamma treatment increased T(More)
Using indirect immunofluorescence assays on frozen tissue sections of skin from healthy subjects and subjects with inflammatory skin diseases, we found that intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) was expressed in a cell surface pattern on epidermal keratinocytes at the site of lymphoid infiltration in cutaneous dermatoses. ICAM-1 was not expressed on(More)
With the use of cultured human thymic epithelial (TE) cells, we have previously shown that thymocytes bind to TE cells in suspension in a rosette-forming assay. To identify cell surface molecules involved in human TE-thymocyte rosette formation, we assayed a large panel of monoclonal antibodies for their ability to inhibit rosette formation. We found(More)
Using human thymocytes and autologous thymic epithelial (TE) cells grown in vitro in long-term culture, we have found TE cells can function as accessory cells for mitogen-induced mature thymocyte activation. Tritiated thymidine incorporation, blast formation, and protein synthesis were all induced in accessory cell-depleted thymocytes by autologous TE cells(More)
The skin is an important site for immunological reactions (1-3) . Cutaneous infiltration by T lymphocytes is characteristic of a number of disease states and T lymphocytes have been observed within the epidermal compartment in graftvs.-host disease (4), lichen planus (5), and delayed-type hypersensitivity (6). In addition, a heterogeneous group of T(More)
To study the role that epithelial cells of the thymic microenvironment play in promoting activation of immature CD7+, CD2+, CD4-, CD8- (double-negative) human thymocytes, we have isolated thymocyte subsets from normal postnatal thymus and have cocultured autologous double-negative thymocytes with pure populations of thymic epithelial (TE) cells. We report(More)
The thymus plays a critical role in the generation of immunocompetent T lymphocytes. In the thymus, lymphocytes are in close contact with epithelial cells, and this contact is necessary for T-cell maturation. Using cultured human thymic epithelial (TE) cells, we have found that human thymocytes bind to human TE cells in vitro. Thymocytes bound to both(More)
Recent study of human thymocyte-thymic epithelial (TE) cell interactions has demonstrated that thymocytes bind to TE cells, and a consequence of this binding is the provision of accessory cell signals by TE cells for phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced mature thymocyte activation. In this paper we report on studies of the molecules involved in TE(More)
  • 1