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Daytime restriction of food and water availability in nocturnal animals phase-shifts the circadian periodicity of plasma corticosteroid concentrations and body temperature. These shifted rhythms do not persist in animals with lesions of the ventromedial hypothalamus, in contrast to our previous reports of persistence of such shifted rhythms in animals with(More)
Within the past decade, a large number of peptides have been described within the vertebrate central nervous system. Some of these peptides were previously known to be present in nonneural vertebrate tissues, as well as in lower species, in which they may serve as primitive elements of intercellular communication prior to the development of neuronal or(More)
Adrenocorticotropin and beta-lipotropin (beta-LPH) have been localized by immunoperoxidase methods in nerve cells and fibers of the hypothalamus and brain stem of the ewe. 6-mum sections were immunostained first for either ACTH or beta-LPH. The reaction products and the antibody complexes were then eluted completely from the tissue, and the same section was(More)
beta-Lipotropin (beta-LPH) has been localized in hypothalamus and pituitary of sheep and ox by the immunoperoxidase technique. In both species beta-LPH was found in perikarya of arcuate neurons as well as in cells of the anterior and intermediate lobes of the pituitary. A large number of immunoreactive axons were found in the arcuate region; some appeared(More)
Daytime restriction of food and water availability in nocturnal animals phase shifts the circadian periodicity of plasma corticosteroid concentrations and body temperature. These shifted rhythms persist in animals with lesions of the suprachiasmatic nuclei who are arrhythmic under normal conditions. These findings suggest the existence of an additional(More)
Northern blot analysis of total RNA and polyadenylated RNA isolated from adult rat testes showed that a proopiomelanocortin (POMC)-like messenger RNA molecule is present in these extracts. The testicular POMC messenger RNA is comparable in length to amygdala and midbrain POMC messenger RNA and appears to be at least 200 nucleotides shorter than POMC(More)
Adult female hypogonadal mice, in whom hypogonadism is secondary to a genetic deficiency in hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), are infertile. Mating, pregnancy, and delivery of healthy litters were achieved after transplantation of normal fetal preoptic area tissue, a major site of GnRH-containing cell bodies, into the third ventricle of(More)
Hypogonadism in the mutant hpg mouse is characterized by a deficiency of hypothalamic gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). Affected male mice exhibit immature reproductive organs, small abdominal testes and low pituitary and plasma gonadotropin concentrations. Recent studies have demonstrated the potential of fetal brain transplants to establish(More)