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Ultra-wideband (UWB) electromagnetic pulses of nanosecond duration, or nanopulses, are of considerable interest to the communications industry and are being explored for various applications in biotechnology and medicine. The propagation of a nanopulse through biological matter has been computed using the finite difference-time domain (FDTD) method. The(More)
Preclinical studies of resistance to alkylating agents in the Lewis x Brown Norway hybrid (LBN) rat model of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have hitherto been limited by the sensitivity of LBN AML cells to cyclophosphamide (CY). We developed a CY-resistant subline of LBN AML by serial intravenous (IV) passage of AML cells followed by in vivo exposure to CY(More)
Four peptides encompassing the entire amino acid sequence of hen lysozyme were examined in aqueous solution and in 50% (v/v) 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE) by far-UV CD. Two peptides, 1-40 and 84-129, correspond to regions which are helical in the native protein, and together represent the alpha-domain. The beta-domain of the native enzyme was also(More)
Fusion proteins are used to enhance the yields of heterologous proteins secreted from filamentous fungi. In Aspergillus niger, the target protein is normally fused downstream of the carrier protein glucoamylase with a Lys-Arg KEX2-like cleavage site at the junction. This is cleaved in vivo to release mature protein but the processing is not always accurate.(More)
Hydrogen exchange measurements on equine lysozyme show that amides in three of the four major helices of the native protein are significantly protected in a molten globule state formed at pH 2. The pattern of protection within the different helices, however, varies significantly. Examination of the pattern in the light of the native structure indicates that(More)
We demonstrate a method for obtaining accurate estimates of the thermodynamic parameter values characteristic of a two-state folding/unfolding transition under conditions in which the onset of cold denaturation prevents the native state from being fully populated at any temperature. This situation occurs for proteins exhibiting low thermal stability, which(More)
The cooperative nature of the protein folding process is independent of the characteristic fold and the specific secondary structure attributes of a globular protein. A general folding/unfolding model should, therefore, be based upon structural features that transcend the peculiarities of alpha-helices, beta-sheets, and other structural motifs found in(More)
Designed polypeptides and electrostatic layer-by-layer self-assembly form the basis of promising research in bionanotechnology and medicine on development of polyelectrolyte multilayer films (PEMs). We show that PEMs can be formed from oppositely charged 32mers containing several cysteine residues. The polypeptides in PEMs become cross-linked under mild(More)
Conducting nanowires have been found to self-assemble between microelectrodes from palladium acetate solution on applying an alternating electric field of relatively high intensity and frequency. The wires grew spontaneously along the direction of the electric field and have high uniformity and conductivity. The finding challenges current metallic nanowire(More)