D. Stuart Ritchie

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Immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) are thalidomide analogues, which possess pleiotropic anti-myeloma properties including immune-modulation, anti-angiogenic, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects. Their development was facilitated by an improved understanding in myeloma (MM) biology and initiated a profound shift in the therapeutic approach towards(More)
The fate of dendritic cells (DC) after they have initiated a T cell immune response is still undefined. We have monitored the migration of DC labeled with a fluorescent tracer and injected s.c. into naive mice or into mice with an ongoing immune response. DC not loaded with Ag were detected in the draining lymph node in excess of 7 days after injection with(More)
A characteristic of mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells is the expression of TRAV1-2(+) T cell receptors (TCRs) that are activated by riboflavin metabolite-based antigens (Ag) presented by the MHC-I related molecule, MR1. Whether the MR1-restricted T cell repertoire and associated Ag responsiveness extends beyond these cells remains unclear. Here,(More)
Primary synovial osteochondromatosis has a variety of radiological appearances ranging from the pathognomonic plain film appearances to the more unusual non-mineralised extraarticular manifestation of the disease. The less common manifestations of the disease require multimodality imaging to make the diagnosis. CT and MRI are particularly useful in fully(More)
SUMMARY Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) has been implicated in the immunological complications of stem cell transplantation (SCT) including graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In this report of a patient undergoing allogeneic SCT for AML, serial cytokine measurements by real-time PCR revealed increased production of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are potent anti-viral and antitumor "first responders" endowed with natural cytotoxicity and cytokine production capabilities. To date, attempts to translate these promising biologic functions through the adoptive transfer of NK cells for the treatment of cancer have been of limited benefit. Here we trace the fate of adoptively(More)
We show in this paper that the survival of antigen-loaded dendritic cells in vivo may be used as a sensitive readout of CTL activity. We have previously shown that dendritic cells labeled with the fluorescent dye CFSE and injected sub-cutaneously into mice migrate spontaneously to the draining lymph node where they persist for several days. In the presence(More)
We have evaluated the carbohydrate antigen Lewis(Y) (Le(Y)) as a potential target for T-cell immunotherapy of hematological neoplasias. Analysis of 81 primary bone marrow samples revealed moderate Le(Y) expression on plasma cells of myeloma patients and myeloblasts of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (52 and 46% of cases, respectively). We(More)
Resting B cells have been variously shown to induce direct tolerance of antigen specific CD8+ T cells, induce T-cell anergy via transforming growth factor-beta production, down-regulate interleukin-12 production by dendritic cells (DC) and influence TH1/TH2 differentiation via the production of regulatory cytokines. Through these mechanisms, B cells can(More)
There is considerable concern regarding the transforming potential of retroviral vectors currently used for gene therapy, with evidence that retroviral integration can lead to leukemia in recipients of gene-modified stem cells. However, it is not clear whether retroviral-mediated transduction of T cells can lead to malignancy. We transduced mouse T cells(More)