D. Somjen

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Licorice root extract and its major isoflavan, glabridin, exhibited varying degrees of estrogen receptor (ER) agonism in different tissues in vitro and in vivo. Animals fed with licorice extract, compared with estradiol and glabridin, showed an increase in creatine kinase (CK) activity, a known marker for estrogen responsive genes, which was higher than(More)
Carboxy derivatives of isoflavones that exhibit oestrogenic/anti-oestrogenic properties were used as carriers for affinity drug targeting to H295R adrenocortical carcinoma cells that express transcripts of oestrogen receptor (ER) alpha and beta. These derivatives were prepared by introducing a carboxymethyl group at the 6-position of genistein and of(More)
Vitamin D metabolites and its less-calcemic analogs (vitamin D compounds) are beneficial for bone and modulate cell growth and energy metabolism. We now analyze whether 25(OH)D(3) (25D), 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) (1,25D), 24,25(OH)(2)D(3) (24,25D), JKF1624F(2)-2 (JKF) or QW1624F(2)-2 (QW) regulate lipooxygenase (LO) mRNA expression and its products;(More)
The phenomenon of mutual annihilation of action between 17beta estradiol (E(2)) and a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), previously described in prepubertal rat diaphysis, epiphysis and uterus, has been investigated in ROS 17/2.8 rat osteoblastic cells and in transiently co-transfected cells in culture. In ROS 17/2.8 cells, the estrogen-induced(More)
We have demonstrated previously that daily treatments for 3 days with the so-called "non-hypercalcemic" analogs of 1alpha,25 dihydroxy vitamin D in ROS 17/2.8 osteoblast-like cells, stimulate the specific activity of creatine kinase BB (CK), and that such treatment with these analogs followed by a single treatment with gonadal steroids, upregulates(More)
We have reported previously that dihydrotestosterone (DHT) induces a biphasic effect on DNA synthesis in human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), i.e. stimulation at low concentrations and inhibition at high concentrations. In contrast, DHT dose-dependently stimulated [(3)H]thymidine incorporation in a human endothelial cell line (ECV304). Additionally,(More)
Estradiol-17beta (E2) and some phytoestrogens induce a biphasic effect on DNA synthesis in cultured human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), i.e., stimulation at low concentrations and inhibition at high concentrations. These compounds also increase the specific activity of creatine kinase (CK) as well as intracellular Ca2+ concentration in both VSMC and(More)
Estrogen receptors (ERs) are expressed in various "non-reproductive" cancer cell types. Some cancer types express 1α-hydroxylase 25-hydroxy vitamin D (1OHase) whose product, 1,25(OH)2D3 can retard cancer cell proliferation. Thyroid carcinoma cell growth is apparently promoted by estrogens, but whether or not this interaction is modified by vitamin D(More)
Vitamin D metabolites or its less-calcemic analogs (JKF or QW) are beneficial for bone biology. We analyzed whether or not 25(OH)D3 (25), 1,25(OH)2D3 (1,25), JKF or QW regulate lipooxygenase (LO) enzymes expression and their products hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12 and 15 HETE) formation as well as reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in human bone(More)
Estrogen receptors (ERα and ERβ), the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and 25 hydroxyy vitamin D 1-α hydroxylase (1OHase) mRNA are expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). In these cells estrogenic hormones modulate cell proliferation as measured by DNA synthesis (DNA). In the present study we determined whether or not the calciotrophic hormones PTH 1-34(More)