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Corium fragments incubated in vitro with colchicine or obtained from chick embryos 11 days old after in vivo injection of this alkaloid were studied with the electron microscope. The well known effect of colchicine in producing an accumulation of procollagen was demonstrated by electrophoretic separation of the collagenous products in polyacrylamide gels(More)
Liver regeneration is regulated by the orderly activation of growth-related genes. Although ethanol impairs induction of liver regeneration by partial hepatectomy, we have not identified ethanol-associated differences in the hepatic mRNA levels of several proto-oncogenes, including c-myc, which peaks 3-6 hr post-partial hepatectomy. Prothymosin alpha, a(More)
10-Hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10H2DA) is a fatty acid found in royal jelly (RJ). In healthy mice, it activates 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and increases glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) translocation. Therefore, we examined whether 10H2DA has a potential therapeutic effect against type 2 diabetes in obese/diabetic KK-Ay mice. 10H2DA (3 mg/kg body(More)
Type 2 diabetes is a polygenic disease and characterized by hyperglycemia and insulin resistance, and it is strongly associated with obesity. However, the mechanism by which obesity contributes to onset of type 2 diabetes is not well understood. We generated rat strains with a hyperglycemic quantitative trait locus (QTL) derived from the Otsuka Long-Evans(More)
The study examined whether royal jelly (RJ) can prevent obesity and ameliorate hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes. This study utilized obese/diabetic KK-Ay mice. RJ (10 mg/kg) was administered by oral gavage. Body weight, plasma glucose and insulin levels were measured. mRNA and protein levels were determined using quantitative reverse transcription(More)
Effects of several sulfhydryl reagents on the reaction of renin and angiotensinogen were investigated by measuring the production of angiotensin I. Renin and angiotensinogen were prepared from the kidneys of dogs and from plasma of nephrectomized dogs, respectively. The amount of angiotensin I generated was increased with application of dithiothreitol,(More)
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