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Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum, AABBDD) is one of the most widely cultivated and consumed food crops in the world. However, the complex polyploid nature of its genome makes genetic and functional analyses extremely challenging. The A genome, as a basic genome of bread wheat and other polyploid wheats, for example, T. turgidum (AABB), T. timopheevii (AAGG)(More)
The EDR1 gene of Arabidopsis has previously been reported to encode a Raf-like mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK) kinase, and to function as a negative regulator of disease resistance. A phylogenetic analysis of plant and animal protein kinases revealed, however, that plant Raf-like kinases are more closely related to animal mixed lineage(More)
Diapause-specific peptide (DSP) is an insect antimicrobial peptide, composed of 41 amino acid residues including six cysteines and isolated from diapausing adults of the leaf beetle Gastrophysa atrocyaneais. Recent research results have been demonstrated that in vitro, DSP has selective antifungal activity against the higher animal pathogenic fungus(More)
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