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In order to give the book under review the right appreciation it is necessary to first say a few words about its predecessor, the monograph A Compendium of Continuous Lattices which was published by the same six authors in 1980. The Compendium, as it is commonly called, contains a rather complete and very readable account of the theory of continuous(More)
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The submaximal effort tourniquet test has been widely used to evaluate experimental and chronic pain; however, there has been great variation in the manner in which the test has been applied. The present study systemitically evaluates how different levels of exercise duration and effort affect subjects' report of pain. The data indicate the following: (1)(More)
Thirty healthy volunteers were assigned to one of the following two conditions: (1) hyperactivate the lateral pterygoid muscles by vigorously thrusting their mandible forward for 5 min, or (2) a non-exercise control condition. Subjects who protruded their mandible reported significantly more pain than control subjects. This pain was located in the immediate(More)
The experiment was designed to determine whether specific cognitive strategies are effective in reducing pain. Subjects were tested either on cold pain or pressure pain. Although the cognitive strategies did not significantly alter pain tolerance or pain intensity, the following four findings emerged: (a) males and females responded in a similar manner to(More)
Partial equivalence relations (and categories of these) are a standard tool in semantics of type theories and programming languages, since they often provide a cartesian closed category with extended defin-ability. Using the theory of exact categories, we give a category-theoretic explanation of why the construction of a category of partial equivalence(More)
The 26 chronic pain patients were tested in a baseline plus cross-over design. Half of the subjects were first treated with high intensity acupuncture; then they were treated with low intensity acupuncture. For the other 13 subjects the treatment order was reversed. In the first treatment sequence subjects reported lower pain estimates and engaging in more(More)
Our data are based on retrospective self-reported answers of college students. To what extent do these answers accurately reflect the feelings of an actual clinical sample of dental patients? Although there is little direct evidence, a number of observations suggest that in the area of dental anxiety, college populations closely approximate the(More)
Educators in Allied Health Professions are always looking for effective teaching methods to enhance student learning in the classroom. Promoting critical thinking through integrative learning is necessary to allow students to transfer knowledge from the classroom environment to the real world environment of the clinic. Concept mapping is a teaching(More)