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  • D. Rush
  • The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2000
This review relates nutritional status to pregnancy-related death in the developing world, where maternal mortality rates are typically >/=100-fold higher than rates in the industrialized countries. For 3 of the central causes of maternal mortality (ie, induced abortion, puerperal infection, and pregnancy-induced hypertension), knowledge of the contribution(More)
This randomized controlled trial of nutritional supplementation in pregnancy, in a poor black urban population in the United States, aimed to increase the birth weight and influence the postnatal development of the offspring of mothers at high risk of having low birth weight infants. The execution of the research design and adherence to the treatment(More)
The contribution of parental smoking to wheezing in children was studied in a subset of all British births between April 5 and 11, 1970 (N = 9,670). Children of smoking mothers had an 18.0 per cent cumulative incidence of post-infancy wheezing through 10 years of age, compared with 16.2 per cent among children of nonsmoking mothers (risk ratio 1.11, 95% CI:(More)
The longitudinal study of pregnant women enrolled a national probability sample of 5,205 women first certified for WIC and 1,358 comparable low-income pregnant women in 174 WIC clinics located in 58 areas in the contiguous 48 states and in 55 prenatal clinics without WIC programs in counties with low program coverage. The women completed 24-h dietary(More)
  • D. Rush
  • Annual review of nutrition
  • 1997
The central demographic reality of our times is the rapid aging of our society. Preventive nutritional and preventive health care of older people, therefore, are pressing issues that must be contended with. Several strategies for this are possible, including the broadcasting of general nutritional and health messages to the population, the inclusion of(More)
The major associations with the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in pregnancy were increased intake of protein, iron, calcium, and vitamin C (four of five targeted nutrients) and of energy, magnesium, phosphorus, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B-6, and vitamin B-12; reversal of low weight gain in early(More)
The simple relationship between maternal macronutrient status and perinatal survival (increased macronutrient intake --> increased maternal weight and/or weight gain --> increased fetal growth --> improved survival) that is usually posited is no longer defensible. First, maternal weight and weight gain are remarkably resistant to either dietary advice or(More)
Ongoing surveys performed by Ross Laboratories demonstrate recent declines both in the initiation of breast-feeding and continued breast-feeding at 6 months of age. Comparing rates in 1984 and 1989, the initiation of breast-feeding declined approximately 13% (from 59.7% to 52.2%), and there was a 24% decline in the rate of breast-feeding at 6 months of age(More)
The major associations with the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in preschool children were better dietary intake associated with current WIC participation, especially for Fe, vitamin A, and vitamin C, but there were no increases in energy intake and, after infancy, no residual benefits from past WIC participation;(More)