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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the cortex, brainstem and spinal cord. Its cause is unknown and it is uniformly fatal, typically within five years. About 10% of cases are inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, with high penetrance after the sixth decade. In most instances, sporadic and autosomal dominant(More)
The embryonic lethal abnormal visual system (elav) locus in Drosophila melanogaster, a vital gene mapping within the 1B5-1B9 region of the X-chromosome has been cloned and analysed. Previous developmental analyses have shown that in addition to the embryonic requirement there is a post-embryonic requirement for elav function in the cells of the visual(More)
About 10% of cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a paralytic disorder characterized by death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord, exhibit autosomal dominant inheritance. A subgroup of these familial cases are caused by mutations in the gene encoding Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1). We report here three additional mutations occurring in(More)
Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), a degenerative disorder of motor neurons, is associated with mutations in the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase gene SOD1 in some affected families. We confirm a recently reported ala4-->val mutation in exon 1 of the SOD1 gene and report that this mutation is both the most commonly detected of all SOD1 mutations and(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative motor neuron disease that is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait in approximately 10% of cases. Recently we and others identified several single-base mutations in the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene in patients with familial ALS (FALS). Using single-strand conformational polymorphism, we(More)
Glutamate receptors (GluRs) mediate excitatory neurotransmission and may have important roles in central nervous system disorders. To characterize the human GLUR5 gene, which is located on human chromosome 21q22.1, we isolated cDNAs, genomic phage lambda clones, and yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) and developed sequence tagged sites (STSs) and simple(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish genetic linkage between polymorphic microsatellite loci and a disease locus responsible for an autosomal recessive type of nonsyndromic mental retardation (MR). BACKGROUND Although MR is the most common developmental disability in the United States, the etiologies of most nonsyndromic cases are not known. METHODS A genealogic(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the genetic mutation responsible for autosomal dominant spastic paraplegia (HSP) in a large family with a "pure" form of the disorder. BACKGROUND The disease locus in most families with HSP is genetically linked to the SPG4 locus on chromosome 2p21-p22. Some of these families have mutations in the splice-site or coding regions of the(More)
Several aspects of pyridoxine-dependent seizure (PDS) suggest a mutation affecting glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) as a possible cause. To examine the possibility of GAD linkage with PDS, the authors performed genotype analyses of three families using polymorphic markers near the GAD genes (GAD1 and GAD2). In each family, the affected siblings exhibited(More)