D. Robert Iskander

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Zernike polynomials are often used as an expansion of corneal height data and for analysis of optical wavefronts. Accurate modeling of corneal surfaces with Zernike polynomials involves selecting the order of the polynomial expansion based on the measured data. We have compared the efficacy of various classical model order selection techniques that can be(More)
We consider analytical modeling of the anterior corneal surface with a set of orthogonal basis functions that are a product of radial polynomials and angular functions. Several candidate basis functions were chosen from the repertoire of functions that are orthogonal in the unit circle and invariant in form with respect to rotation about the origin. In(More)
An algorithm for estimating the corneal limbus from videokeratoscopic images is proposed. After the image is transformed to a polar grid, a novel edge-detection procedure, suitable for the detection of the soft edge produced by the limbus, is used to locate the limbus. Outliers due to the eyelids, eyelashes, and videokeratoscopic rings are removed by taking(More)
The role of cardiopulmonary signals in the dynamics of wavefront aberrations in the eye has been examined. Synchronous measurement of the eye's wavefront aberrations, cardiac function, blood pulse, and respiration signals were taken for a group of young, healthy subjects. Two focusing stimuli, three breathing patterns, as well as natural and cycloplegic eye(More)
Videokeratoscopy techniques rely on a number of factors in order to achieve accurate estimates of corneal surface topography. Good tear film quality, minimal reflections from eyelashes, and minimal eye movements are essential for corneal topography estimates to be reliable. However, in practice, these ideal conditions may not always be fulfilled, especially(More)
Determination of two-dimensional characteristics of the anterior surface of the eye is becoming increasingly important in modern optometry and ophthalmology practice. In particular, accurate estimation of the pupil size and centration is crucial in customized refractive surgery, corneal transplantation, and advanced contact lens fitting. The pupil(More)
The optics of the human eye are not static in steady viewing conditions and exhibit microfluctuations. Previous methods used for analyzing dynamic changes in the eye's optics include simple Fourier-transform-based methods, which have been used in studies of the eye's accommodation response. However, dedicated tools for the analysis of dynamic wavefront(More)
It is difficult to demarcate the limbus borders in standard intensity images of the eye since the transition from the cornea (iris) to sclera is gradual. Non-parametric techniques that are currently used for this task are not sufficiently precise to be adopted in those ophthalmic applications where high precision in determining the limbus/pupil(More)
High-speed videokeratoscopy (HSV) is an emerging technology that has the potential to acquire information on the dynamics of corneal topography and tear-film behavior. We show that the surface regularity and asymmetry indices, which are traditionally used for characterizing the stability of precorneal tear film, have limitations in the context of HSV(More)