D Riad-Fahmy

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The current status of the saliva dexamethasone suppression test (DST) is discussed and results from the literature reviewed. Evidence is presented that demonstrates that the efficacy of the salivary-based test is equal to that of the plasma DST provided that specifically developed radioimmunoassays are used for determination of salivary cortisol. Such(More)
A simple, direct radioimmunoassay for cortisol in human serum and plasma is described. An antiserum, raised in sheep to a cortisol-3-(O-carboxymethyl)oxime/bovine serum albumin conjugate, is coupled to microcellulose. No extraction is required because plasma samples and standards are incubated with the antiserum and an 125I radioligand in a low-pH buffer,(More)
Concentrations of cortisol in saliva and plasma were compared in matched samples during a standard 1 mg dexamethasone suppression test. The study involved 185 routine psychiatric admissions, all of whom were classified according to DSM-III criteria. In a group of 122 matched samples of saliva and plasma, there was a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.867(More)
The incidence of post-natal depression is high, and dramatic changes in steroid hormones and prolactin occur in the post-partum period. In an attempt to correlate these events, 147 mothers, six to eight weeks after delivery of a healthy infant, completed standard psychological tests, including the Edinburgh, Montgomery-Asberg, and Raskin scales. They also(More)
We describe a direct radioimmunoassay for cortisol in 10-microliter volumes of parotid saliva or whole saliva. Binding proteins are absent from these fluids, as demonstrated by the excellent correlation between results for samples assayed directly and by a comparison procedure involving extraction with 1,2-dichloroethane. The direct assay is specific,(More)
Serial samples of saliva were collected at home by 17 patients being treated for congenital adrenal hyperplasia to determine the circadian rhythm of androstenedione as an index of therapeutic control. Single samples of blood for measurement of plasma testosterone, 170H-progesterone, and androstenedione concentrations were collected from these and a further(More)
Testosterone and cortisol in male marathon runners (n = 11) were determined in saliva samples (n = 28) collected during the three rest days preceding a competitive marathon and in the samples collected at 08.00h on the race day. An Eysenck Personality Inventory was completed on the first rest day and psychological state was assessed on rest days and on the(More)
A sensitive, solid phase enzymeimmunoassay suitable for determining testosterone concentrations in samll aliquots of plasma (20 microliter) and saliva (200 microliter) has been developed. A solid phase antiserum raised against a testosterone-11 alpha-hemisuccinate/bovine serum albumin conjugate was prepared by coupling to cyanogen bromide activated(More)
The performance of the dexamethasone suppression test was assessed in 90 consecutive admissions with a diagnosis of depression, categorised according to two classification systems (DSM-III and ICD-9). Non-suppression was found in most of the diagnostic categories, but there was a highly significant association with the DSM-III classification 'major(More)