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In a long term epidemiological survey that included different hosts for Trichinella spiralis among wild and domestic animals, the parasitological and serological screening revealed a high number of positive animals. The incidence of T. spiralis in grazing pigs was high, 21.76% (170 examined) but most of positive animals were lightly infected (0.016-0.02(More)
Groups of hog sera from endemic and non-endemic areas for swine trichinellosis in Yugoslavia were tested by ELISA using excretory-secretory (ES) antigens collected from T. spiralis muscle larvae maintained in vitro for 24, 48 or 72 h. The 24-h ES had the highest level of specificity for T. spiralis infection. Antigen preparations recovered after 48 or 72 h(More)
In two trials the fasciolicidal activities of triclabendazole, nitroxynil and rafoxanide were assessed in cattle naturally infected with predominantly immature stages of Fasciola hepatica. Tablets containing 900 mg triclabendazole were administered orally at a dose rate of 12 mg/kg bodyweight. Rafoxanide and nitroxynil were used at a dose rate of 10 mg/kg,(More)
The in vivo and in vitro effects of Trichinella spiralis excretory-secretory (ES) antigens on porcine peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) responses induced with mitogens (phytohemagglutinin, PHA; concanavalin A, Con A; pokeweed mitogen, PWM) or unrelated antigen (Protein A) were studied to determine whether ES antigens depress lymphocyte responses in(More)
Inoculation of swine with a sylvatic isolate of Trichinella spiralis, designated T s nativa, resulted in low numbers of muscle larvae, compared with muscle larvae accumulation in swine inoculated with a pig type of T s spiralis. Despite low infectivity of T s nativa for swine, primary inoculation resulted in high levels of immunity against challenge(More)
Antigen isolated from the large-particle fraction of the muscle Trichinella spiralis larvae (PAW), excretory/secretory (E/S) and crude worm extract (CWE) antigens were evaluated in a seroepizootiological survey of trichinellosis by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The ELISA using PAW antigen yielded 16 positive animals (1.6%), E/S antigen(More)
An isolate of Trichinella obtained from a wild boar in Yugoslavia did not form cysts in the musculature of its natural host. Subsequent inoculation into experimental hosts demonstrated that some larvae became encysted only after extended time periods, whereas others remained unencapsulated. Histological staining of larvae in the musculature demonstrated no(More)
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