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A three-year study (1977-9) of primary biliary cirrhosis in the city of Sheffield disclosed 34 cases, a point prevalence of 54 per million population. Closer inspection showed an apparent clustering of cases, and the prevalence in relation to one water reservoir appeared to be more than ten times that of the other reservoirs. Nevertheless, analyses of the(More)
This paper reports the incidence and natural history of macroscopic gastritis in a series of 127 consecutive patients with portal hypertension of various aetiologies. Gastritis was observed endoscopically in 65 patients (51%) and was of two main types. Twenty eight patients had severe or persistent gastritis which caused clinically significant bleeding on(More)
In order to assess the role of selenium (Se) in chronic liver disease, we have measured serum, urinary and hepatic selenium in a range of liver diseases and correlated them with nutritional status and conventional liver biochemistry. Serum Se levels (microgram/l +/- S.D.) were significantly lower in both alcoholic (63.6 +/- 18.2, p less than 0.0001) and(More)
Heavy diffuse bleeding from congested gastric mucosa (congestive gastropathy) was treated by propranolol (dose = 24 to 480 mg per day) in 14 consecutive patients with portal hypertension. Thirteen patients (93%) stopped bleeding within 3 days. Gastric mucosal cherry red spots (a sign of severe gastropathy) were unchanged in 5 patients, became less obvious(More)
Autonomic and peripheral nerve function was examined in a group of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis using standard cardiovascular reflex tests and peripheral nerve conduction studies. Sixty-three percent had cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction with predominantly parasympathetic abnormalities. Symptoms of peripheral neuropathy were rarely volunteered(More)
A radioimmunoassay was used to detect antibodies to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) in 154 patients with haemophilia. Prevalence of anti-HCV was associated with exposure to clotting factor concentrates. 76 of 129 (59%) who had received factor VIII or IX had anti-HCV: 42 of 55 (76%) who required over 10,000 units of concentrate annually had anti-HCV, compared(More)
The frequency and importance of gastric mucosal lesions in patients with portal hypertension have been increasingly recognized in recent years. This article describes the clinical and endoscopic features of portal hypertensive gastropathy and reviews the current state of knowledge concerning the pathophysiology and treatment of the disorder.
Chronic liver disease associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hemophilia. We have used recombinant interferon alpha-2b (IFN alpha-2b) in a randomized controlled liver biopsy trial to treat hemophiliacs with chronic hepatitis. Eighteen patients entered the study, 16 of whom were subsequently shown to have(More)