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Helicobacter pylori is the only neutralophile that has been able to colonize the human stomach by using a variety of acid-adaptive mechanisms. One of the adaptive mechanisms is increased buffering due to expression of an acid-activated inner membrane urea channel, UreI, and a neutral pH-optimum intrabacterial urease. To delineate other possible adaptive(More)
BACKGROUND Annual Pap smear screening has been favored over less frequent screening in the United States to minimize the risk of cervical cancer. We evaluated whether simultaneous screening with a Pap test and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is useful for assessing the risk for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 3 or cervical cancer. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 cause 60%-70% of cervical cancer worldwide, and other HPV types cause virtually all remaining cases. Pooled HPV testing for 13 oncogenic types, including HPV16 and 18, is currently used in clinical practice for triage of equivocal cytology and, in conjunction with Pap tests, is an option for general(More)
BACKGROUND In vivo studies have suggested an important role for gastric enterochromaffinlike (ECL) cells in mediating acid secretion. Direct evidence for this function is lacking and requires a preparation of highly purified ECL cells. This work investigates the possible role and mechanism of histamine release from the ECL cell in the peripheral regulation(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The relative role of internal urease for acid protection of Helicobacter pylori is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the comparative importance of internal and external urease under acidic conditions. METHODS The pH optimum and measured Michaelis constant for urea of external urease and urease in intact bacteria at(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the impact of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients with end-stage renal disease before and after renal transplantation requires more data. We examined the outcomes of HCV antibody positive (HCVAb+) dialysis and renal transplant patients using the Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant registry. METHODS Two(More)
Reciprocal interactions between Helicobacter pylori and cells of the gastric epithelium to which it adheres may affect colonization. Changes in gene expression of H. pylori induced by adhesion to AGS gastric cancer cells by coculture were compared to changes in gene expression of H. pylori cultured without AGS cells by using cDNA filter macroarrays.(More)
Acidic media trigger cytoplasmic urease activity of the unique human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori. Deletion of ureI prevents this activation of cytoplasmic urease that is essential for bacterial acid resistance. UreI is an inner membrane protein with six transmembrane segments as shown by in vitro transcription/translation and membrane separation.(More)
ureI encodes an inner membrane protein of Helicobacter pylori. The role of the bacterial inner membrane and UreI in acid protection and regulation of cytoplasmic urease activity in the gastric microorganism was studied. The irreversible inhibition of urease when the organism was exposed to a protonophore (3,3',4', 5-tetrachlorsalicylanide; TCS) at acidic pH(More)
ureI encodes an integral cytoplasmic membrane protein. It is present in the urease gene cluster of Helicobacter pylori and is essential for infection and acid survival, but its role is unknown. To determine the function of UreI protein, we produced H. pylori ureI deletion mutants and measured the pH dependence of urease activity of intact and lysed bacteria(More)