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This paper gives a detailed account of the content analysis method developed at Queen's University Belfast to measure critical thinking during group learning, as used in our controlled comparisons between learning in face-to-face and computer conference seminars. From Garrison's 5 stages of critical thinking, and Henri's cognitive skills needed in CMC, we(More)
There were 9 submissions. Each submission was reviewed by at least 2, and on the average 2.7, program committee members. The committee decided to accept 8 papers. We would like to thank our peer reviewers for carefully reviewing the submissions and giving constructive feedback. This proceedings volume has been generated with EasyChair, which made this task(More)
A major concern in recent political discourse is that government has become both isolated from and unresponsive to its citizens. Democracy, by definition, demands a two-way flow of communication between government and civil society. ICTs have the potential to facilitate such improved flows of communication — hence, e-democracy and e-consultation. This paper(More)
This proposal is being submitted by 3 researchers who came together for the first time at the EPSRC Ideas Factory sandpit on Scientific Uncertainty and Decision-making. Since this is a new idea, generated at the sandpit, we have not worked on it before: in fact, no-one has. However, we have researched areas relevant to this proposal. We have complementary(More)
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