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Dynamic, fine-wire, intramuscular electromyography (EMG) was performed on 12 different shoulder muscles in 13 normal male subjects as they pitched a baseball. Seven were major league baseball pitchers and six were amateur pitchers. The act of pitching a fast ball was filmed at 450 frames per second with the EMG signals recorded synchronously. The(More)
Five male subjects' throwing and pitching motions were analyzed by dynamic electromyography and high speed photography. Electrodes inserted into the deltoid and rotator cuff muscles attempted to define muscle activation patterns during the throwing and pitching cycle. The wind-up or preparation (Stage I) had no consistent pattern. Cocking (Stage II) had a(More)
This is the second report in a series of projects dealing with electromyographic (EMG) analysis of the upper extremity during throwing. Better understanding of the muscle activation patterns could lead to more effective preseason conditioning regimens and rehabilitation programs. Indwelling wire electrodes recorded the output from the biceps, long and(More)
Eighteen males and two females (mean age, 26.5 years) underwent biomechanical assessment and Cybex evaluation prior to ACL reconstruction. Clinically, all patients had at least a 1+ grade with the Lachman, anterior drawer, and pivot shift tests, the majority being graded as 2+. Footswitch, high speed photography, force plate, and indwelling wire electrode(More)
In the examination and rehabilitation of patients with shoulder injuries it is necessary to isolate the individual rotator cuff muscles as much as possible. We subscribe to the belief that, independent of the deltoid, the rotator cuff muscles can become fatigued, injured, or atrophied individually, Accordingly, we feel that these muscles must be considered(More)
Shoulder injuries in tennis players are common because of the repetitive, high-magnitude forces generated around the shoulder during the various tennis strokes. An understanding of the complex sequences of muscle activity in this area may help reduce injury, enhance performance, and assist the rapid rehabilitation of the injured athlete. The supraspinatus,(More)
In recent years kernicterus at autopsy has been observed in sick premature infants in the absence of markedly elevated levels of serum bilirubin. Potentiating factors have been suggested to explain kernicterus in such a setting. In order to establish which factors are associated with increased risk for kernicterus in these small babies, this retrospective(More)
Twenty patients with old ruptures of the PCL were analyzed. Ten patients were untreated, and ten patients had reconstruction of the PCL with the medial head of the gastrocnemius. The patients' gait was analyzed using high speed photography, footswitches, electromyography, and force plate. Patients were studied while walking, running, and stair-climbing. A(More)
Fine wire EMG of the shoulder was performed on 11 swimmers; 5 performed during dry land studies and 7 during aquatic studies. One individual underwent both studies. A cinematographic analysis was synchronized with the EMG data to determine what muscles were firing at each phase of the swim stroke. Eight muscles were studied: biceps, subscapularis,(More)
A study of bilateral shoulder muscle activity during the golf swing was undertaken using electromyography and high-speed photography. Understanding of the muscle firing patterns could lead to injury prevention and development of appropriate training and conditioning regimens. The swings of seven adult male right-handed professional golfers without shoulder(More)