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Footdrop was corrected in thirteen of sixteen patients with centrally paralyzed ankle dorsiflexor muscles who were treated by electrical stimulation of the peroneal nerve by means of surgically implanted electrodes. Four patients required surgical revision before a good result was obtained. After follow-ups of more than three years there was no evidence of(More)
The effects of balance retraining on standing balance and locomotor performance were examined in postacute hemiparetic adults. Balance during habitual and instructed-even standing, as well as locomotor performance, were measured before and after a three- to four-week treatment period. Two groups of 21 matched subjects participated in physical therapy. One(More)
Studies were conducted on 25 cats to document the discharge rates of alpha motoneurons during stimulation of the sciatic nerve at frequencies from 100 to 10,000 pulses per second (pps). In addition, the feasibility of using high-frequency pulse trains to block the conduction of action potentials was investigated. Two cuff electrodes were placed around the(More)
An experimental model has been used to study issues that are relevant to the use of electrical stimulation to help paralyzed individuals walk. Modulated stimulation sequences for the quadriceps muscles were manually selected using an iterative trial-and-error procedure to cause the knee angle to follow a specific movement pattern (desired trajectory). Four(More)
A new recording method for continuous spinal cord monitoring has been developed at Rancho Los Amigo Hospital. Using peripheral nerve stimulation, spinal evoked potentials (SEPs) are recorded from cancellous bone of spinous processes. This neurologically noninvasive technique provides a highly reproducible and consistent signal, unaffected by biologic noise(More)
Isometric twitch moments of the quadriceps and hamstrings were recorded in 20 normal subjects at 40 cells of a superimposed grid. Results were compared at 15, 45, and 75 degrees of knee flexion. Bipolar stimulation at 6 pairs of cells was performed to determine the effect of electrode size, waveform, and polarity on moments. The quadriceps had one region of(More)
Electrical stimulation is a commonly used clinical tool, but subject and patient comfort is still a major problem retarding its widespread application. Stimulus waveform in combination with pulse duration can play a major part in subject comfort. An asymmetric balanced biphasic square waveform was perceived as comfortable and was clinically effective in(More)