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The effects of balance retraining on standing balance and locomotor performance were examined in postacute hemiparetic adults. Balance during habitual and instructed-even standing, as well as locomotor performance, were measured before and after a three- to four-week treatment period. Two groups of 21 matched subjects participated in physical therapy. One(More)
A new recording method for continuous spinal cord monitoring has been developed at Rancho Los Amigo Hospital. Using peripheral nerve stimulation, spinal evoked potentials (SEPs) are recorded from cancellous bone of spinous processes. This neurologically noninvasive technique provides a highly reproducible and consistent signal, unaffected by biologic noise(More)
Studies were conducted on 25 cats to document the discharge rates of alpha motoneurons during stimulation of the sciatic nerve at frequencies from 100 to 10,000 pulses per second (pps). In addition, the feasibility of using high-frequency pulse trains to block the conduction of action potentials was investigated. Two cuff electrodes were placed around the(More)
Recruitment characteristics of nerve cuff electrodes implanted in four cats for five months were measured. Monopolar, bipolar, and tripolar configurations were considered. Approximately twice the current was required to achieve a given response using the tripolar configuration as compared with monopolar stimulation. Bipolar stimulation also required more(More)
An experimental model has been used to study issues that are relevant to the use of electrical stimulation to help paralyzed individuals walk. Modulated stimulation sequences for the quadriceps muscles were manually selected using an iterative trial-and-error procedure to cause the knee angle to follow a specific movement pattern (desired trajectory). Four(More)
Electrical stimulation is a commonly used clinical tool, but subject and patient comfort is still a major problem retarding its widespread application. Stimulus waveform in combination with pulse duration can play a major part in subject comfort. An asymmetric balanced biphasic square waveform was perceived as comfortable and was clinically effective in(More)
A phasic program of femoral nerve stimulation was used to reduce refractory knee flexion contractures in five patients. In one, rectus femoris was tenotomized before starting stimulation to reduce hip flexion contracture. Muscle biopsies were performed before and after 5 to 12 weeks of intermittent stimulation at separated sites on the same muscle. In the(More)