D. R. Helinski

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pRK212.2, a derivative of the broad host range plasmid RK2, contains two EcoRI cleavage fragments, A and B, neither of which can replicate by itself in Escherichia coli. Fragment A (41.7 kilobases), but not fragment B (14.4 kilobases), can be cloned by insertion into the unrelated plasmids mini-F and ColE1. Fragment B contains the origin of replication and(More)
A broad host range cloning vehicle that can be mobilized at high frequency into Gram-negative bacteria has been constructed from the naturally occurring antibiotic resistance plasmid RK2. The vehicle is 20 kilobase pairs in size, encodes tetracycline resistance, and contains two single restriction enzyme sites suitable for cloning. Mobilization is effected(More)
The 23S twisted circular form of ColE(1) DNA has been isolated from Escherichia coli as a tightly associated DNA-protein complex with a sedimentation coefficient of approximately 24S. Treatment of this complex with pronase, trypsin, sodium dodecyl sulfate, Sarkosyl, or heat results in a conversion to a slower sedimenting form of 17S or 18S, as determined by(More)
The luciferase gene from the firefly, Photinus pyralis, was used as a reporter of gene expression by light production in transfected plant cells and transgenic plants. A complementary DNA clone of the firefly luciferase gene under the control of a plant virus promoter (cauliflower mosaic virus 35S RNA promoter) was introduced into plant protoplast cells(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the luciferase gene from the firefly Photinus pyralis was determined from the analysis of cDNA and genomic clones. The gene contains six introns, all less than 60 bases in length. The 5' end of the luciferase mRNA was determined by both S1 nuclease analysis and primer extension. Although the luciferase cDNA clone lacked the six(More)
The IncP alpha promiscuous plasmid (R18, R68, RK2, RP1 and RP4) comprises 60,099 bp of nucleotide sequence, encoding at least 74 genes. About 40 kb of the genome, designated the IncP core and including all essential replication and transfer functions, can be aligned with equivalent sequences in the IncP beta plasmid R751. The compiled IncP alpha sequence(More)
A symbiotically important gene system in rhizobial species is the heme biosynthetic pathway. A mutant having reduced levels of delta-aminolevulinic acid synthetase, the first unique enzyme in this pathway, was obtained in Rhizobium meliloti 102F34 by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis. Enzyme activity ranged from 3-13% of the wild type.(More)