Learn More
The luciferase gene from the firefly, Photinus pyralis, was used as a reporter of gene expression by light production in transfected plant cells and transgenic plants. A complementary DNA clone of the firefly luciferase gene under the control of a plant virus promoter (cauliflower mosaic virus 35S RNA promoter) was introduced into plant protoplast cells(More)
The parDE operon, located within the 3.2-kb stabilization region of plasmid RK2, encodes antitoxin (ParD) and toxin (ParE) proteins that stabilize the maintenance of this broad-host-range plasmid via a postsegregational killing mechanism. A ParE protein derivative, designated ParE', was purified by construction of a fusion protein, GST-ParE, followed by(More)
The expression of the nitrogen-fixation genes of Rhizobium meliloti is controlled by oxygen. These genes are induced when the free oxygen concentration is reduced to microaerobic levels. Two regulator proteins, FixL and FixJ, initiate the oxygen-response cascade, and the genes that encode them have been cloned. The fixL product seems to be a transmembrane(More)
Symbiotic nitrogen fixation by Rhizobium meliloti requires the developmentally specific expression of certain bacterial genes. One set of these genes encodes the subunits of nitrogenase, the enzyme responsible for the reduction of atmospheric dinitrogen to ammonia, and another set consists of closely linked genes also essential for nitrogen fixation.(More)
A DNA fusion containing the promoter of the pir gene of plasmid R6K that encodes for the pi-initiation protein and the beta-galactosidase gene of Escherichia coli (lacZ) is described. The synthesis of beta-galactosidase promoted by this pir-lac fusion was almost completely inhibited when an R6K sequence containing the pir gene was provided in trans in E.(More)
A non-self-replicating segment (1370 base pairs) of plasmid R6K was cloned in E. coli and shown to trans-complement temperature-sensitive replication mutants of this plasmid. This segment contains the gene which codes for a protein required for initiation of replication of the plasmid, and was used as a helper in a functional assay for an origin of(More)
We localized the multicopy plasmid RK2 in Escherichia coli and found that the number of fluorescent foci observed in each cell was substantially less than the copy number of the plasmid, suggesting that many copies of RK2 are grouped into a few multiplasmid clusters. In minimal glucose media, the majority of cells had one or two foci, with a single focus(More)
The naturally occurring plasmid ColE1 was found to localize as a cluster in one or both of the cell poles of Escherichia coli. In addition to the polar localization of ColE1 in most cells, movement of the plasmid to the midcell position was observed in time-lapse studies. ColE1 could be displaced from its polar location by the p15A replicon, pBAD33, but not(More)
The pladmid RK2 is stably maintained in a broad range of gram-negative bacteria. The RK2 DNA has a single Eco RI restriction site. The insertion of a DNA fragment into this site does not interfere with either plasmid maintenance or self-transmissibility. Because RK2 has a broad host range, it should be useful for the construction in vitro of hybrid plasmid(More)
The par region of the stably maintained broad-host-range plasmid RK2 is organized as two divergent operons, parCBA and parDE, and a cis-acting site. parDE encodes a postsegregational killing system, and parCBA encodes a resolvase (ParA), a nuclease (ParB), and a protein of unknown function (ParC). The present study was undertaken to further delineate the(More)