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The luciferase gene from the firefly, Photinus pyralis, was used as a reporter of gene expression by light production in transfected plant cells and transgenic plants. A complementary DNA clone of the firefly luciferase gene under the control of a plant virus promoter (cauliflower mosaic virus 35S RNA promoter) was introduced into plant protoplast cells(More)
Symbiotic nitrogen fixation by Rhizobium meliloti requires the developmentally specific expression of certain bacterial genes. One set of these genes encodes the subunits of nitrogenase, the enzyme responsible for the reduction of atmospheric dinitrogen to ammonia, and another set consists of closely linked genes also essential for nitrogen fixation.(More)
A non-self-replicating segment (1370 base pairs) of plasmid R6K was cloned in E. coli and shown to trans-complement temperature-sensitive replication mutants of this plasmid. This segment contains the gene which codes for a protein required for initiation of replication of the plasmid, and was used as a helper in a functional assay for an origin of(More)
The expression of the nitrogen-fixation genes of Rhizobium meliloti is controlled by oxygen. These genes are induced when the free oxygen concentration is reduced to microaerobic levels. Two regulator proteins, FixL and FixJ, initiate the oxygen-response cascade, and the genes that encode them have been cloned. The fixL product seems to be a transmembrane(More)
The naturally occurring plasmid ColE1 was found to localize as a cluster in one or both of the cell poles of Escherichia coli. In addition to the polar localization of ColE1 in most cells, movement of the plasmid to the midcell position was observed in time-lapse studies. ColE1 could be displaced from its polar location by the p15A replicon, pBAD33, but not(More)
The par region of the stably maintained broad-host-range plasmid RK2 is organized as two divergent operons, parCBA and parDE, and a cis-acting site. parDE encodes a postsegregational killing system, and parCBA encodes a resolvase (ParA), a nuclease (ParB), and a protein of unknown function (ParC). The present study was undertaken to further delineate the(More)
A DNA fusion containing the promoter of the pir gene of plasmid R6K that encodes for the pi-initiation protein and the beta-galactosidase gene of Escherichia coli (lacZ) is described. The synthesis of beta-galactosidase promoted by this pir-lac fusion was almost completely inhibited when an R6K sequence containing the pir gene was provided in trans in E.(More)
Colicinogenic plasmid E1 (Col E1) and Col E1 derivatives offer advantages as plasmid cloning vehicles with regard to both utility and biological containment. The Col E1 derivative pCR1 does not alter those essential characteristics of the enfeebled Escherichia coli strain x1776 that make this strain particularly useful as a host-vehicle system for(More)
Covalently closed small circular DNA isolated from Drosophila melanogaster is described. The small circular DNA is found in blastema stage eggs and in Schneider's cell culture line 2 and a cloned subline of line 2. It is heterogeneous in size, although the size distributions and mean sizes differ for each source. The small circular DNA from Schneider's line(More)