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Adherent monolayer cultures of human blood monocytes, peritoneal macrophages, bone marrow macrophages, and colonic mucosa macrophages were examined for their ability to produce and secrete minactivin, a specific inactivator of urokinase-type plasminogen activator. All except colonic mucosa macrophages produced and secreted appreciable amounts of minactivin,(More)
A strain of Escherichia coli (AN1007) carrying the polar uncD436 allele which affects the operon coding for the F1-F0 adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) complex was isolated and characterized. The uncD436 allele affected the two genes most distal to the operon promoter, i.e., uncD and uncC. Although the genes coding for the F0 portion of the ATPase complex(More)
Total urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) content (proenzyme plus active enzyme) was significantly higher in 20 colorectal carcinomas and in 27 adenomatous polyps than in metaplastic polyps and autologous normal mucosa. u-PA content was also markedly increased in adenomatous polyps and autologous colonic mucosa removed from familial polyposis coli(More)
The isolation of plasma membrane from human peripheral blood monocytes is described. Monocytes were isolated by centrifugal elutriation, to eliminate an adherence step, thus minimizing functional and surface antigenic alterations to the cells. Monocytes were surface-labelled with a radiolabelled monoclonal antibody, 125I-WVH-1, and then disrupted by(More)
Four monoclonal antibodies raised against purified human plasminogen were characterized for their effects on the activation of plasminogen and on three enzymic properties of plasmin: (a) thioesterolysis, (b) fibrinolysis, (c) conversion of high-Mr urokinase to its low-Mr form. None of the monoclonal antibodies inhibited plasminogen (plg) activation by(More)
Five uncoupled mutant strains of Escherichia coli carrying mutations in the uncD gene have been studied. In each of these mutant strains the beta-subunit of the F1 portion of the membrane-bound adenosine triphosphatase is abnormal. In one of the mutant strains (carrying the uncD12 allele) in F1-ATPase aggregate was formed which was purified and found to(More)
Four mutant strains of Escherichia coli which lack membrane-bound adenosine triphosphatase activity were shown by genetic-complementation tests to carry mutations in the uncA gene. A soluble inactive F1-ATPase aggregate was released from the membranes of three of the uncA mutant strains by low-ionic-strength washing, and purified by procedures developed for(More)
Membranes from a mutant strain of Escherichia coli K12 carrying the uncD409 allele were washed in low-ionic-strength buffers in the presence or absence of the proteinase inhibitor p-aminobenzamidine. Unlike membranes from a normal strain, those from strain AN463 (uncD409) did not become proton-permeable, as judged by NADH-induced atebrinfluorescence(More)
The effect of the local anaesthetic, butacaine, on adenine nucleotide binding and translocation in rat liver mitochondria partially depleted of their adenine nucleotide content was investigated. The range of butacaine concentrations that inhibit adenine nucleotide translocation and the extent of the inhibition are similar to the values obtained for native(More)
The effects of two protease inhibitors on the solubilization of the membrane-bound Mg2+-adenosine triphosphatase (Mg-ATPase) of Escherichia coli were investigated. p-Aminobenzamidine prevented the solubilization of the Mg-ATPase during treatment of membranes with low-ionic-strength buffers containing ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. p-Aminobenzamidine did(More)
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