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The neural correlates of conscious awareness during successful memory retrieval were examined. In a recognition test, subjects indicated whether they consciously recalled the event in which a word was earlier presented (Remembering), or whether they recognized it on the basis that it was familiar in the absence of recollection (Knowing). An early EEG(More)
Is an increase in theta during retrieval due (primarily) to the access of a stored code or to more general processes? The electroencephalogram was recorded while subjects performed a recognition task with pictures. According to the event-related desynchronization/synchronization method, the percentage of band power changes was calculated during encoding and(More)
This study aims to resolve a paradox. Experiments measuring alpha band power report an event related decrease (desynchronization) in alpha activity, whereas those measuring evoked alpha report synchronization. During a recognition memory task with human subjects, we measured the evoked (phase locked) and induced (not phase locked) alpha response. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous research with healthy subjects suggests that the lower alpha band reflects attentional whereas the upper alpha band semantic processes. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether dyslexics show deficits in attentional control and/or semantic encoding. METHOD The EEG was recorded while subjects were reading numbers, words(More)
OBJECTIVE Tonic and phasic (event-related) theta band power changes were analyzed in a sample of 8 dyslexic and 8 control children. Previous research with healthy subjects suggests that electroencephalograph (EEG) theta activity reflects the encoding of new information into working memory. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the(More)
Recent research indicates that an increase in theta band power is related to episodic memory performance. In this study with human subjects, the evoked (time locked) and induced (not time locked) theta response is analyzed in a recognition task. The results show a strong evoked theta response during an early retrieval period of up to 400 ms. Only for good(More)
The hypothesis is tested, whether increasing language processing demands draw on the capacity of working memory thereby leading to an increase in theta band power. Previous research has shown that theta reflects working memory whereas upper alpha semantic memory demands. Sentences were presented in four chunks in a reading and a semantic task. In the(More)
AIbMract--A smim of computer-aided learning (CAL) lessons for first year analytical chemistry was developed by the University of South Africa (UNISA) and made available to students as an optional learning activity. Evaluation of the couraeware was performed in the real instructional ~L.tting m obtain information on the feasibility and the effectiveness of(More)
Counterfactual conditionals are frequently used in language to express potentially valid reasoning from factually false suppositions. Counterfactuals provide two pieces of information: their literal meaning expresses a suppositional dependency between an antecedent (If the dice had been rigged…) and a consequent (… then the game would have been unfair).(More)
Although pneumoperitoneum at present is most widely used as a form of collapse therapy in pulmonary tuberculosis, this procedure had been applied some years earlier in the treatment of chronic pulmonary emphysema. In 1924 Reich’ reported on this procedure, considering 300 to 500 cc. the ideal amount of air. He found greatly improved diaphragmatic motion,(More)