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A perfect antireflection (AR) coating would remove completely the reflection from an interface between two media for all wavelengths, polarizations, and angles of incidence. The degree to which this can be achieved is investigated numerically. It is shown that wideband solutions can be found provided that layers can be deposited with refractive indices that(More)
For the first time, we report femtosecond pulses from a passive single-section InAs/InP quantum-dot (QD) mode-locked laser (MLL) with the active length of 456 microm and ridge width of 2.5 microm at the C-band wavelength range. Without any external pulse compression, the transform-limited Gaussian-pulses are generated at the 92 GHz repetition rate with the(More)
An ultrawide-bandwidth, superluminescent light-emitting diode (SLED) utilizing multiple layers of dots of tuned height is reported. Due to thermal effect, the superluminescent phenomenon is observed only under pulse-mode operation. The device exhibits a 3 dB bandwidth of 190 nm with central wavelength of 1020 nm under continuous-wave (cw) conditions. The(More)
The distribution and morphological characteristics of monoamine (MA)-containing neuronal somata in the brain stem of kittens and of adult cats were studied by means of the Falck-Hillarp histofluorescence method. This investigation has shown, among other things, that in the midbrain of the cat the catecholamine (CA) perikarya are chiefly confined to the pars(More)
Recently we performed a numerical investigation of antireflection coatings that reduce significantly the reflection over a wide range of wavelengths and angles of incidence, and we proposed some experiments to demonstrate their feasibility. We provide a theoretical description of omnidirectional antireflection coatings that are effective over a wide range(More)
We present experimental and theoretical results of label-free molecular sensing using the transverse magnetic mode of a 0.22 mum thick silicon slab waveguide with a surface grating implemented in a guided mode resonance configuration. Due to the strong overlap of the evanescent field of the waveguide mode with a molecular layer attached to the surface,(More)
There is a large demand for Organic Light-Emitting Displays (OLEDs) with higher contrast, particularly for outdoor applications. We show that lowering the reflectance of OLEDs, which is required for increasing the contrast, can also lead to a reduction of their efficiency when a small microcavity effect is not maintained in their structure. We describe in(More)
Plasmonic resonances in metallic nanoparticles have been used since antiquity to colour glasses. The use of metal nanostructures for surface colourization has attracted considerable interest following recent developments in plasmonics. However, current top-down colourization methods are not ideally suited to large-scale industrial applications. Here we use(More)
We report on the characterization of the ultrafast gain and refractive index dynamics of an InAs/InGaAsP self-assembled quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) operating at 1.55 mum through heterodyne pump-probe measurements with 150 fs resolution. The measurements show a 15 ps gain recovery time at a wavelength of 1560 nm, promising for ultrafast(More)