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The time course of acute changes in large artery distensibility immediately and for 60 min following maximum treadmill exercise in normal subjects was characterized by simultaneously measuring upper and lower limb pulse wave velocity (PWV). A new oscillometric technique was used, which has proven to be sensitive to changes in distensibility induced by acute(More)
We have developed a mathematical model of arterial vasomotion in which irregular rhythmic activity is generated by the nonlinear interaction of intracellular and membrane oscillators that depend on cyclic release of Ca2+ from internal stores and cyclic influx of extracellular Ca2+, respectively. Four key control variables were selected on the basis of the(More)
The effects of pharmacological interventions that modulate Ca(2+) homeodynamics and membrane potential in rat isolated cerebral vessels during vasomotion (i.e., rhythmic fluctuations in arterial diameter) were simulated by a third-order system of nonlinear differential equations. Independent control variables employed in the model were [Ca(2+)] in the(More)
Phospholipase C-zeta (PLCζ) is a sperm-specific protein believed to cause Ca(2+) oscillations and egg activation during mammalian fertilization. PLCζ is very similar to the somatic PLCδ1 isoform but is far more potent in mobilizing Ca(2+) in eggs. To investigate how discrete protein domains contribute to Ca(2+) release, we assessed the function of a series(More)
The normal contractile, electrical, and energetic function of the heart depends on the synchronization of biological oscillators and signal integrators that make up cellular signaling networks. In this review we interpret experimental data from molecular, cellular, and transgenic models of cardiac signaling behavior in the context of established concepts in(More)
A sperm-specific phospholipase C-zeta (PLCζ) is believed to play an essential role in oocyte activation during mammalian fertilization. Sperm PLCζ has been shown to trigger a prolonged series of repetitive Ca(2+) transients or oscillations in oocytes that precede activation. This remarkable intracellular Ca(2+) signalling phenomenon is a distinctive(More)
Calcium is the primary signalling component of excitation-contraction coupling, the process linking electrical excitability of cardiac muscle cells to coordinated contraction of the heart. Understanding $${\text{Ca}}^{2+}$$ Ca 2 +  handling processes at the cellular level and the role of intercellular communication in the emergence of multicellular(More)
In the present work, an elaborate one-dimensional thermofluid model for a human body is presented. By contrast to the existing pure conduction-/perfusion-based models, the proposed methodology couples the arterial fluid dynamics of a human body with a multi-segmental bioheat model of surrounding solid tissues. In the present configuration, arterial flow is(More)
Sperm-specific phospholipase C-ζ (PLCζ) is widely considered to be the physiological stimulus that triggers intracellular Ca(2+) oscillations and egg activation during mammalian fertilization. Although PLCζ is structurally similar to PLCδ1, it lacks a pleckstrin homology domain, and it remains unclear how PLCζ targets its phosphatidylinositol(More)
We have explored the potential of an artificial neural network to capture the dynamics of chaotic temporal fluctuations in arterial pressure and flow. Model generated signals that simulate this ubiquitous physiological phenomenon in both form and complexity were used to train a Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) after first locating the optimum time delay to(More)
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