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The time course of acute changes in large artery distensibility immediately and for 60 min following maximum treadmill exercise in normal subjects was characterized by simultaneously measuring upper and lower limb pulse wave velocity (PWV). A new oscillometric technique was used, which has proven to be sensitive to changes in distensibility induced by acute(More)
A sperm-specific phospholipase C-zeta (PLCζ) is believed to play an essential role in oocyte activation during mammalian fertilization. Sperm PLCζ has been shown to trigger a prolonged series of repetitive Ca(2+) transients or oscillations in oocytes that precede activation. This remarkable intracellular Ca(2+) signalling phenomenon is a distinctive(More)
We have developed a mathematical model of arterial vasomotion in which irregular rhythmic activity is generated by the nonlinear interaction of intracellular and membrane oscillators that depend on cyclic release of Ca2+ from internal stores and cyclic influx of extracellular Ca2+, respectively. Four key control variables were selected on the basis of the(More)
OBJECTIVE In order to elucidate the physiological consequences of irregular vasomotion on microvascular flow we have compared the theoretical hydrodynamic consequences of sinusoidal and chaotic fluctuations in the diameter of a single resistance vessel. METHODS In initial experimental studies vasomotion was induced by histamine in isolated rabbit ear(More)
The effects of pharmacological interventions that modulate Ca(2+) homeodynamics and membrane potential in rat isolated cerebral vessels during vasomotion (i.e., rhythmic fluctuations in arterial diameter) were simulated by a third-order system of nonlinear differential equations. Independent control variables employed in the model were [Ca(2+)] in the(More)
A multilayer perceptron (MLP) network architecture has been formulated in which two adaptive parameters, the scaling and translation of the postsynaptic function at each node, are allowed to adjust iteratively by gradient-descent. The algorithm has been employed to predict experimental cardiovascular time series, following systematic reconstruction of the(More)
In the present work, an elaborate one-dimensional thermofluid model for a human body is presented. By contrast to the existing pure conduction-/perfusion-based models, the proposed methodology couples the arterial fluid dynamics of a human body with a multi-segmental bioheat model of surrounding solid tissues. In the present configuration, arterial flow is(More)
Phospholipase C-zeta (PLCζ) is a sperm-specific protein believed to cause Ca(2+) oscillations and egg activation during mammalian fertilization. PLCζ is very similar to the somatic PLCδ1 isoform but is far more potent in mobilizing Ca(2+) in eggs. To investigate how discrete protein domains contribute to Ca(2+) release, we assessed the function of a series(More)
The normal contractile, electrical, and energetic function of the heart depends on the synchronization of biological oscillators and signal integrators that make up cellular signaling networks. In this review we interpret experimental data from molecular, cellular, and transgenic models of cardiac signaling behavior in the context of established concepts in(More)
Spontaneous fluctuations in flow in isolated rabbit ear resistance arteries may exhibit almost-periodic behavior interrupted by chaotic bursts that can be classified as type-I Pomeau-Manneville intermittency. This conclusion was supported by the construction of parabolic return maps and identification of the characteristic probability distributions for the(More)