Learn More
A retrospective cohort of 823 patients with ulcerative colitis who resided at the time of diagnosis in one of three defined geographical areas (West Midlands region, Oxford region, England and Stockholm County, Sweden) was assembled. The patients were first seen at named hospitals in these areas and the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis established within(More)
IL1-beta production by mononuclear cells isolated from normal and active inflammatory bowel disease mucosa was studied. Significantly more IL1-beta was produced spontaneously by mononuclear cells from the inflamed mucosa compared with those from normal colonic mucosa (median 190 pg/ml (range 45-700) v 20 pg/ml (0-165)). Stimulation with lipopolysaccharide(More)
BACKGROUND Despite strong evidence implicating immune dysfunction and genetic predisposition in the pathogenesis of the chronic inflammatory bowel diseases Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the importance of the genes of the major histocompatibility complex remains uncertain. We have investigated the contribution of HLA DRB1 and DQB genes by the(More)
BACKGROUND There are limited data on factors predicting response to azathioprine and uncertainty regarding the optimal duration of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS The notes of patients attending the Oxford IBD clinic from 1968 to 1999 were reviewed. Remission was defined as no need for oral steroids for at least three months and relapse was defined as(More)
1. The aetiology of the chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is uncertain. Studies of specific environmental factors and immune dysfunction have provided little insight into disease pathogenesis. 2. Concordance rates in twin pairs and siblings provide strong evidence that genetic factors are important in disease(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Diets rich in insoluble-fibre are linked to a reduced risk of both diabetes and cardiovascular disease; however, the mechanism of action remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess whether acute changes in the insoluble-fibre (resistant starch) content of the diet would have effects on postprandial carbohydrate and lipid handling.(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral arthropathy is a well-recognised complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Little is known of its natural history, but a variety of joint involvement has been described, from large joint pauciarticular arthropathy to a rheumatoid pattern polyarthropathy. AIMS To classify the peripheral arthropathies according to pattern of(More)
The operating microscope is an integral part of many neurosurgery and otolaryngology procedures; the surgeon often uses the microscopic view for a large portion of the operation. Information from preoperative radiological images is often viewed only on X-ray films. The surgeon then has the difficult task of relating this information to the appearance of the(More)
Recent epidemiological, clinical and molecular studies have provided strong evidence that inherited predisposition is important in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. The model most consistent with the epidemiological data suggests that Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are related polygenic diseases, sharing some but not all(More)
We have identified miss-sense mutations in keratin 8 in a subset of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis). Inflammatory bowel diseases are a group of disorders that are polygenic in origin and involve intestinal epithelial breakdown. We investigated the possibility that these keratin mutations might contribute to(More)