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The aggregation and membrane fusion properties of annexin II are modulated by the association with a regulatory light chain called p11.p11 is a member of the S100 EF-hand protein family, which is unique in having lost its calcium-binding properties. We report the first structure of a complex between p11 and its cognate peptide, the N-terminus of annexin II,(More)
BACKGROUND S100C (S100A11) is a member of the S100 calcium-binding protein family, the function of which is not yet entirely clear, but may include cytoskeleton assembly and dynamics. S100 proteins consist of two EF-hand calcium-binding motifs, connected by a flexible loop. Like several other members of the family, S100C forms a homodimer. A number of S100(More)
Annexins are Ca2+-regulated membrane binding proteins implicated in a wide range of membrane-related and signal transduction events, including the endocytosis of membrane receptors and Ca2+-regulated as well as constitutive secretion. To date, 10 unique members of this multigene family have been identified in a variety of cell types and tissues of higher(More)
S100 proteins are a family of small dimeric proteins characterized by two EF hand type Ca2+ binding motifs which are flanked by unique N- and C-terminal regions. Although shown unequivocally in only a few cases S100 proteins are thought to function by binding to, and thereby regulating, cellular target proteins in a Ca2+ dependent manner. To describe for(More)
Head and neck cancer is a frequent malignancy with a complex, and up to now not clear etiology. Therefore, despite of improvements in diagnosis and therapy, the survival rate with head and neck squamous-cell carcinomas is poor. For a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms behind the process of tumorigenesis and tumor progression, we have analyzed(More)
We investigated protein profiles obtained from colorectal tumor tissue and adjacent normal mucosa to identify tumor specific changes. Protein extracts of biopsis were separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and >40 low-molecular mass proteins were identified by peptide fingerprinting using surface-enhanced laser desoption/ionization mass(More)
Biomarkers are needed to elucidate the biological background and to improve the detection of cancer. Therefore, we have analyzed laser-microdissected cryostat sections from head and neck tumors and adjacent mucosa on ProteinChip arrays. Two differentially expressed proteins (P = 3.34 x 10(-5) and 4.6 x 10(-5)) were isolated by two-dimensional gel(More)
Early differential diagnosis of systemic inflammatory reactions in critically ill patients is essential for timely implementation of lifesaving therapies. Despite many efforts made, reliable biomarkers to discriminate between infectious and noninfectious causes of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) are currently not available. Recent advances in(More)
Whereas native and recombinant S100A1 inhibited GFAP assembly, a truncated S100A1 lacking the last six C-terminal residues (Phe88-Ser93) (S100A1Delta88-93) proved unable to do so. The inhibitory effects of native and recombinant S100A1 on GFAP assembly were blocked by both TRTK-12, a synthetic peptide derived from the alpha-subunit of the actin capping(More)
Four members of the annexin family, herein referred to as max (for medaka annexin) 1-4, have recently been identified through hybridization cloning in the killifish Oryzias latipes (D. Osterloh, J. Wittbrodt and V. Gerke, Characterization and developmentally regulated expression of four annexins in the killifish medaka. DNA and Cell Biol., in press). These(More)