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The spectral estimation method based on the average of short, tapered periodograms is re-examined. The bias of such estimators is typically O(1/b/sup 2/), where b is the length of the short blocks. Much of the current research on multitapering has been focusing on reducing the proportionality constant implicit in the term O(1/b/sup 2/). In this letter, we(More)
We show that there exists a causal 2-D linear process in the nonsymmetric half-plane having the same autocorrelations as a noncausal 2-D linear process in the whole-plane; this property is called the autocorrelation equivalence relation, and can be used for practical fitting and modeling of 2-D processes. Some causal 2-D autoregressive (AR) models with(More)
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