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Hepatic gene expression of P-enolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and glucose-6-phosphatase (Glc-6-Pase) is regulated in response to changes in the availability of substrates, in particular glucose (Glc; Massillon, D., Barzilai, N., Chen, W., Hu, M., and Rossetti, L. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 9871-9874). We investigated the mechanism(s) in conscious rats.(More)
Long term administration of leptin decreases caloric intake and fat mass and improves glucose tolerance. Here we examine whether leptin acutely regulates peripheral and hepatic insulin action. Recombinant mouse leptin (0.3 mg/kg.h, Leptin +) or vehicle (Leptin -) were administered for 6 h to 4-month-old rats (n = 20), and insulin (3 milliunits/kg.min) clamp(More)
Mice were studied with the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic and the hyperglycemic clamp techniques after a 6-h fast: 1) euglycemic (6.7 +/- 0.2 mM) hyperinsulinemia (approximately 800 microU/ml); 2) hyperglycemic (15.3 +/- 0.4 mM) hyperinsulinemia (approximately 800 microU/ml). All mice received an infusion of [3-3H]glucose and [U-14C]lactate. Basal hepatic(More)
Overproduction of glucose by the liver is the major cause of fasting hyperglycemia in both insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The distal enzymatic step in the process of glucose output is catalyzed by the glucose-6-phosphatase complex. We show here that 90% partially pancreatectomized diabetic rats have a >5-fold increase in the(More)
The distal enzymatic step in the process of glucose output is catalyzed by the glucose-6-phosphatase (Glc-6-Pase) complex. The recently cloned catalytic unit of this complex has been shown to be regulated by insulin, dexamethasone, cAMP, and glucose. Using a combination of intralipid and/or nicotinic acid infusions and a pancreatic clamp technique, we(More)
The hormonal control of glycogen synthase and phosphorylase interconversion was investigated in hepatocytes isolated from lean and genetically obese (fa/fa) rats. In cells from obese animals, the inactivation of synthase by 4 beta-phorbol 12 beta-myristate 13 alpha-acetate (PMA), phospholipase C, vasopressin and the alpha 1-adrenergic agonist phenylephrine(More)
In search for a nonmetabolized, superior glucose analogue to study the mechanism of glucose-induced glycogen synthesis, we have tested 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl fluoride, which inhibits muscle phosphorylase beta 10-fold better than dose glucose (Street, I.P., Armstrong, C.R., and Withers, S.G. (1986) Biochemistry 25, 6021-6027). In a(More)
Experimental diabetes and fasting are both associated with hypoinsulinaemia and share several other metabolic features. We investigated hepatic and peripheral glucose metabolism in young rats after near-total depletion of their fat mass. Conscious rats were fasted for 72 h (n = 13), while 6 h-fasted animals (n = 14) served as controls. Rats were studied(More)
Addition of micromolar concentrations of the adenosine derivative 5-iodotubercidin (Itu) initiates glycogen synthesis in isolated hepatocytes by causing inactivation of phosphorylase and activation of glycogen synthase [Flückiger-Isler and Walter (1993) Biochem. J. 292, 85-91]. We report here that Itu also antagonizes the effects of saturating(More)
The effect of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) on the hormonal responsiveness of hepatocytes from lean and obese Zucker rats was studied. Phenylephrine-stimulated phosphatydylinositol labeling and phosphorylase activation were antagonized by PMA in cells from obese and lean animals; bigger residual effects were observed in cells from obese animals even at(More)
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