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We used the hot plate test and the formalin test to evaluate the antinociception of choline after i.c.v. or i.v. administration. The analgesic mechanism of choline was also studied. The response latency of mice was significantly prolonged in the hot plate test after choline (90-120 mug/animals) i.c.v. administration in a dose-dependent manner. Pretreatment(More)
Four hundred and six food samples of 64 food items, as well as 19 samples of aluminum (Al) containing food additives, were collected from Guangdong, Hunan, Shanghai and Beijing, and their Al contents were determined. The migration of Al from cooking aluminium-utensils into foods was also studied. The results show that the average daily dietary intake of Al(More)
The p63 gene regulates thymic epithelial cell (TEC) proliferation, whereas FoxN1 regulates their differentiation. However, their collaborative role in the regulation of TEC homeostasis during thymic aging is largely unknown. In murine models, the proportion of TAp63(+), but not ΔNp63(+), TECs was increased with age, which was associated with an age-related(More)
FoxN1 is cell-autonomously expressed in skin and thymic epithelial cells (TECs), essential for their development. Inborn mutation of FoxN1 results in hair follicle and TEC development failure, whereas insufficient postnatal FoxN1 expression induces thymic atrophy, resulting in declined T lymphopoiesis. Although upregulating FoxN1 expression in the aged(More)
The immune system undergoes age-associated changes known as immunosenescence, resulting in increased susceptibility to infections, cancers and autoimmunity in the aged. The basis of our understanding of immunosenescence has been derived primarily from studies examining intrinsic defects within many of the cells of the immune system. While these studies have(More)
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