D. M. Maclaren

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Lactoferrin (LF), a cationic 80-kDa protein present in polymorphonuclear leukocytes and in mucosal secretions, is known to have antibacterial effects on gram-negative bacteria, with a concomitant release of lipopolysaccharides (LPS, endotoxin). In addition, LF is known to decrease LPS-induced cytokine release by monocytes and LPS priming of(More)
Detection and genotyping of Chlamydia trachomatis were optimized by using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis performed directly with crude cells of cervical scrapes. Different PCR pretreatment methods were evaluated on samples which were positive for C. trachomatis by cell culture. In comparison(More)
We report the relative frequencies of members of the Bacteroides fragilis group in the faeces, in colon lavage fluid obtained pre-operatively, and in colonic tissue specimens obtained at operation from 10 patients with colonic cancer. B. vulgatus was the most and B. fragilis and B. ovatus were the least frequently isolated Bacteroides spp. in the faeces of(More)
The sensitivities of three methods of detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae by a 16S rDNA PCR were compared by using a serial dilution of M. pneumoniae. These methods consisted of a PCR performed directly on cells after a proteinase K pretreatment (direct PCR), a PCR after purification of nucleic acids (DNA-PCR), and a PCR with rRNA sequences as the target(More)
A virulent strain B. fragilis BE1 and an avirulent strain B. vulgatus BE20 were grown in a culture medium with and without the addition of a synthetic chelator (Bipyridyl) to induce iron limitation. Cells grew more slowly under iron stress, although the growth rate of the B. vulgatus strain was more affected under these conditions than the strain of B.(More)
Urinary and faecal isolares of Proteus mirabilis were studied with respect to a number of bacterial properties as possible virulence factors in the pathogenesis of urinary tract infections: experimental virulence in a mouse model, haemolysin production, haemagglutinating properties, hydrophobicity of the bacterial surface, sensitivity to the bactericidal(More)
In this article we review our researches into the pathogenesis of mixed infections. These may conveniently be divided into in vitro and in vivo studies. In vitro we confirmed that interference with the killing of aerobes by polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMN’s) is a property of theBacteroides strains tested and appears to depend on competition for opsonins(More)
A method was developed to study virulence of coagulase-negative staphylococci. Our results showed that coagulase-negative staphylococci injected into adult mice by the intracerebral route did not give rise to lethal infections, whereas mice aged 2 days were much more susceptible. Novobiocin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus saprophyticus were more(More)
The low concentration of free iron in body fluids creates bacteriostatic conditions for many microorganisms and is therefore an important defense factor of the body against invading bacteria. Pathogenic bacteria have developed several mechanisms for acquiring iron from the host. Siderophore-mediated iron uptake involves the synthesis of low molecular weight(More)
Under iron starvation, Bacteroides fragilis expresses various iron-regulated outer membrane proteins. In this study, a deferrated minimal medium was used in growth experiments, and the role of one of these iron-regulated outer membrane proteins (a 44-kDa protein) in an iron uptake mechanism which acquires iron from heme compounds was elucidated. When a(More)