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We previously described restrictive allograft syndrome as a form of chronic lung allograft dysfunction, demonstrating restrictive pulmonary function decline. However, the histopathological correlates of restrictive allograft syndrome have yet to be satisfactorily described. We hypothesized that pulmonary pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis, as has recently(More)
BACKGROUND The regulation of extracellular calcium concentration by parathyroid hormone is mediated by a calcium-sensing, G-protein-coupled cell-surface receptor (CASR). Mutations of the CASR gene alter the set-point for extracellular ionised calcium [Ca2+]o and cause familial hypercalcaemia or hypocalcaemia. The CASR missense polymorphism, A986S, is common(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) with small-airway pathology and obstructive pulmonary physiology may not be the only form of chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) after lung transplantation. Characteristics of a form of CLAD consisting of restrictive functional changes involving peripheral lung pathology were investigated. METHODS(More)
Most acute respiratory distress syndrome studies have been focused on the lung injury. Little is known about other organs during the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Herein, we investigated the injury and cell death in multiple organs after intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IIR) in C57BL/6 mice. Terminal transferase dUTP nick end labeling(More)
AIMS To develop a fluorescence in-situ hybridisation (FISH) assay for detecting p16/CDKN2A deletion on paraffin tissue sections for use as an ancillary test to distinguish reactive from malignant mesothelial proliferations. METHOD Dual-colour FISH for p16/CDKN2A and chromosome 9 (CEP-9) was performed on 11 benign mesothelial proliferations and 54(More)
BACKGROUND Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) is a non-specific pathologic diagnosis frequently encountered after lung transplantation. We examined the relationship between DAD and different forms of chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD). METHODS We reviewed the results of 4,085 transbronchial biopsies obtained from 720 lung transplant recipients. DAD(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is an adaptive response to chronic hemodynamic overload. We employed a whole-genome approach using expressed sequence tags (ESTs) to characterize gene transcription and identify new genes overexpressed in cardiac hypertrophy. Analysis of general transcription patterns revealed a proportional increase in transcripts related to(More)
It has been suggested that some adult bone marrow cells (BMC) can localize to the lung and develop tissue-specific characteristics including those of pulmonary epithelial cells. Here, we show that the combination of mild airway injury (naphthalene-induced) as a conditioning regimen to direct the site of BMC localization and transtracheal delivery of(More)
Maffucci syndrome is a rare congenital non-hereditary disease characterised by subcutaneous haemangiomata and multiple enchondromata. We present a case of an intermediate grade myxoid chondrosarcoma of the tracheal cartilage in a 34-year-old man with a history of Maffucci syndrome. Chondrosarcoma of the trachea are extremely rare tumours. A review of the(More)
The multi-subunit NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) is the first enzyme complex in the electron transport chain of mitochondria. A small number of NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunits are the products of mitochondrial genes (subunits 1-7), while the remainder are nuclear encoded and imported from the cytoplasm. We have isolated and sequenced(More)