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The opposing effects of SF2/ASF and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) A1 influence alternative splicing in vitro. SF2/ASF or hnRNP A1 complementary DNAs were transiently overexpressed in HeLa cells, and the effect on alternative splicing of several cotransfected reporter genes was measured. Increased expression of SF2/ASF activated proximal 5'(More)
Mutations in the Schizosaccharomyces pombe cdc8 gene impair cytokinesis. Here we clone cdc8+ and find that it encodes a novel tropomyosin. Gene disruption results in lethal arrest of the cell cycle, but spore germination, cell growth, DNA replication and mitosis are all unaffected. Haploid cdc8 gene disruptants are rescued by expression of a fibroblast(More)
Caldesmon is known to inhibit the ATPase activity of actomyosin in a Ca(2+)-calmodulin-regulated manner. Although a nonmuscle isoform of caldesmon is widely expressed, its functional role has not yet been elucidated. We studied the effects of nonmuscle caldesmon on cellular contractility, actin cytoskeletal organization, and the formation of focal adhesions(More)
Research during the past couple of years has provided important new information as to how the actin cytoskeleton contributes to growth control in both normal and transformed cells. The cytoskeleton can no longer be viewed as simply a structural framework playing a role in cell shape and motile events such as cell movement, intracellular transport,(More)
p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK1) is an effector of both Ras/MEK/MAPK and PI3K/PDK1 pathways. We present evidence that RSK1 drives p27 phosphorylation at T198 to increase RhoA-p27 binding and cell motility. RSK1 activation and p27pT198 both increase in early G(1). As for many kinase-substrate pairs, cellular RSK1 coprecipitates with p27. siRNA to RSK1 and RSK1(More)
Tropomyosins consist of nearly 100% alpha-helix and assemble into parallel and in-register coiled-coil dimers. In vitro it has been established that nonmuscle as well as native muscle tropomyosins can form homodimers. However, a mixture of muscle alpha and beta tropomyosin subunits results in the formation of the thermodynamically more stable alpha/beta(More)
In the rat beta-tropomyosin (beta-TM) gene, exons 6 and 7 are spliced alternatively in a mutually exclusive manner. Exon 6 is included in mRNA encoding nonmuscle TM-1, whereas exon 7 is used in mRNA encoding skeletal muscle beta-TM. Previously, we demonstrated that a six nucleotide mutation at the 5' end of exon 7, designated as ex-1, activated exon 7(More)
A cDNA library of approximately equal to 9,000 members has been prepared from chicken smooth muscle mRNA by using the plasmid expression vector pUC8. Addition of Sal I and EcoRI linkers at different stages during the preparation of the cDNA resulted in a population of molecules, most of which had EcoRI linkers at the end of the cDNA that corresponded to the(More)
Vertebrate tropomyosins (TMs) are expressed from four genes, and at least 18 distinct isoforms are generated via a complex pattern of alternative RNA splicing and alternative promoters. The functional significance of this isoform diversity is largely unknown and it remains to be determined whether specific isoforms are required for assembly and integration(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that p21(Cip1) located in the cytoplasm might play a role in promoting transformation and tumor progression. Here we show that oncogenic H-RasV12 contributes to the loss of actin stress fibers by inducing cytoplasmic localization of p21(Cip1), which uncouples Rho-GTP from stress fiber formation by inhibiting Rho kinase (ROCK).(More)