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Over the ensuing seven months she had three more clinical relapses, each accompanied by reappearance in the stools of either the organism or its cytotoxin, or both. Each improvement after vancomycin (eight to 14-daycourses) was accompanied by disappearance of the organism. At one point she was given cholestyramine, but she was unable to tolerate it. Her(More)
BACKGROUND We and others have previously reported significant changes in chloride transport after cationic-lipid-mediated transfer of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene to the nasal epithelium of patients with cystic fibrosis. We studied the safety and efficacy of this gene transfer to the lungs and nose of patients with(More)
Cystic fibrosis is a fatal genetic disorder which afflicts 50,000 people worldwide. A viable animal model would be invaluable for investigating and combating this disease. The mouse cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene was disrupted in embryonal stem cells using an insertional gene targeting vector. Germ-line chimaeras were derived and(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis is characterised by oxidative stress in the airways. Isoprostanes are prostaglandin isomers formed by free radical catalysed peroxidation of arachidonic acid. 8-Isoprostane is increased in interstitial lung diseases, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and adult respiratory distress syndrome. Exhaled nitric oxide (NO)(More)
Fifteen out of 18 "pink and puffing" patients completed a double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over trial of diazepam and promethazine for breathlessness and reduced exercise tolerance. Dosages were 25 mg and 125 mg daily, respectively, and each course lasted two weeks. Patients with psychiatric or other major medical histories were excluded. Of the three(More)
Six patients with rapidly progressive airway obliteration in the absence of chronic bronchitis or emphysema are reported. Because this pattern of lung disease is very uncommon and five of the six patients had classical rheumatoid arthritis an association between the two diseases is suggested. The patients presented with rapidly developing breathlessness,(More)
We measured breathlessness and exercise tolerance in 12 patients with chronic airways obstruction, moderate or severe breathlessness, and low or normal arterial carbon dioxide tension, after the patients received dihydrocodeine, alcohol, caffeine, or placebo (through double-blind administration). Forty-five minutes after ingestion, dihydrocodeine had(More)
Chronic pulmonary infection is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis. High levels of DNA in the sputum make the sputum viscous and difficult to expectorate. Recombinant human deoxyribonuclease (rhDNase) in vitro has been shown to reduce the viscoelasticity of the sputum from CF patients. We have done a phase II double-blind(More)
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) demonstrate a markedly more negative potential difference (PD) across respiratory epithelia than normal or "diseased" controls. A technique is described for the measurement of nasal PD in both children and adults. 145 non-CF subjects showed a mean PD of -19.0 mV (range -2 to -36) in comparison to 60 patients with cystic(More)
The influence of supplemental oxygen on exercise performance was assessed in 17 patients with severe airflow obstruction. Exercise capacity was measured by the six minute walking distance, by an endurance walking test, and by an endurance cycling test and comparison was made with performance when the patient was breathing air. In addition, the relation(More)