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This study investigated hemodynamic changes in diabetic rats and their relationship to changes in vascular albumin permeation and increased metabolism of glucose to sorbitol. The effects of 6 wk of streptozocin-induced diabetes and three structurally different inhibitors of aldose reductase were examined on 1) regional blood flow (assessed with 15-microns(More)
125I-labeled albumin permeation (IAP) has been assessed in various tissues in spontaneously diabetic insulin-dependent female BB/W rats and in male Sprague-Dawley rats with severe or mild forms of streptozocin-induced diabetes (SS-D and MS-D, respectively). In BB/W diabetic rats and in rats with SS-D, indices of IAP were significantly increased in tissues(More)
125I-Albumin permeation and blood flow (assessed with 15 micron, 85Sr-labelled microspheres) were determined in the retina, choroid, anterior uvea, and brain of male Sprague-Dawley rats fed diets containing 50% dextrin (control) or 50% galactose. Blood flow was increased in the retina, choroid, and anterior uvea but not in the brain of rats fed galactose(More)
To assess the potential of myo-inositol-supplemented diets to prevent diabetes-induced vascular functional changes, we examined the effects of diets supplemented with 0.5, 1, or 2% myo-inositol on blood flow and vascular filtration function in nondiabetic control rats and rats with streptozocin-induced diabetes (STZ-D). After 1 mo of diabetes and dietary(More)
Exposure of skin chamber granulation tissue vessels in nondiabetic rats to 11 or 15 mM D-glucose (but not L-glucose or 3-O-methylglucose) twice daily for 10 d induces vascular functional changes (increased albumin permeation and blood flow) identical to those in animals with mild or severe streptozotocin diabetes, respectively. These vascular changes are(More)
The three commonly found hexitols mannitol, sorbitol and galactitol are well separated from each other and from myoinositol by gas chromatography as their butylboronate derivative on Dexsil-400, on a 1:1 mixture of OV-1 and OV-17, or on a DB-17 fused-silica capillary column. The method allows all four substances to be measured by autosampling electron(More)
Bimolane is a member of the bis(2,6-dioxopiperazine) class of drugs and has been widely used in China as an anti-neoplastic agent and for the treatment of psoriasis. Recent case reports indicate that bimolane is leukemogenic and is thought to exert its effects through the inhibition of topoisomerase II. However, there are no data showing the inhibition of(More)
To assess the reversibility of diabetes-induced increases in regional vascular albumin permeation and blood flow and changes in kidney filtration function, islet isografts were given via the portal vein after 2 mo of streptozocin-induced diabetes in male Lewis rats. One month later, vascular function was assessed in control rats, islet-transplanted diabetic(More)
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