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Although neural activity often reflects the processing of external inputs, intrinsic fluctuations in activity have been observed throughout the brain. These may relate to patterns of self-generated thought that can occur while not performing goal-driven tasks. To understand the relationship between self-generated mental activity and intrinsic neural(More)
BACKGROUND Oral lesions are common findings in HIV-related disease, but little is known about their significance in predicting immune suppression among a representative group of HIV-infected persons. METHODS Oral examinations were performed on 454 patients who came to an outpatient dental clinic for dental care. CD4+ cell counts were obtained within 2(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the association of rapid and linear progressive motility in seminal and Percoll-separated sperm with the outcome of intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Motility was graded using the qualitative system proposed by the World Health Organization: grade A, rapid and linear,(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the mechanism for higher pregnancy rates in oocyte recipients by comparing the pregnancy rates following fresh and frozen embryo transfers in a shared oocyte programme. A prospective study was carried out of 135 matched pairs of donors and recipients who equally share the donors' pool of oocytes. Recipients were(More)
Some researchers claim that first trimester beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta HCG) levels have a constant doubling time; others suggest doubling time increases as pregnancy progresses. This study was designed to settle the debate by analysing a large series of serial serum beta HCG determinations from 143 pregnant women whose day of ovulation was(More)
Two previous studies found a correlation of higher pregnancy rates (PRs) with lower serum progesterone (P) levels at the time of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) injection in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles when luteal phase leuprolide acetate (LA)-human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) was used for the controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) regimen.(More)
A multitude of oral lesions have been described in individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Few studies have attempted to correlate specific oral findings with immune status and HIV disease progression in the population reflecting the demographic profile of this epidemic. A prospective study was conducted among 700 ambulatory(More)
There have been some conflicting data concerning the importance of endometrial thickness and echo patterns before transfer in different IVF-ET situations under different COH regimens. We previously found in women undergoing IVF-ET after luteal phase LA-hMG a significantly higher PR in those patients attaining at least a 10-mm endometrial thickness and a(More)
The achievement of pregnancies in vivo is rare in couples where the male partner has defective sperm membranes as shown by hypo-osmotic swelling (HOS) test scores of < 50%. However, there have been mixed reports on the value of the HOS test in predicting outcome following invitro fertilization; some studies suggest reduced fertilization rates and others(More)