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In light of artifact-induced high variability of activation in fMRI repeat studies, we developed and tested a clinically useful plaster cast head holder (PCH) with improved immobilization, repositioning, and comfort. With PCH, there were considerably lower levels of translational and rotational head motion components compared to head fixation with(More)
Despite the fact that the knowledge about the structure and the function of the supplementary motor area (SMA) is steadily increasing, the role of the SMA in the human brain, e.g., the contribution of the SMA to the Bereitschaftspotential, still remains unclear and controversial. The goal of this study was to contribute further to this discussion by taking(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if vision changed with age in infants and children with Leber congenital amaurosis. PATIENTS Grating acuity and dark-adapted visual thresholds were tested in 36 patients with Leber congenital amaurosis. Longitudinal assessments were obtained for 24 patients and analyzed for significant changes over time. Visual acuity and threshold(More)
We studied the visual acuities and dark-adapted sensitivities of 12 children with Bardet-Biedl syndrome. All except one child, who was seen only once, were tested serially. In the first decade of life, all visual acuities were within 2 octaves of normal. All but two final visual acuities obtained from patients in their second and third decades were more(More)
The existence or non-existence of fine-scale motor somatotopy of the hand is a fundamental problem with regard to the functioning of the human brain. In contrast to seldom contradicted early twentieth century descriptions of activation overlap, descriptions of finger motor somatotopy faced disagreement. Recent blood-flow-related brain mapping data achieved(More)
PURPOSE To derive norms for monocular grating acuity and interocular acuity differences that are appropriate for clinical applications using the acuity card procedure (ACP) and Teller Acuity Cards (TAC). METHODS Monocular acuities were measured in 460 children in 12 age groups between 1 month and 4 years. Inclusion criteria were term birth, good general(More)
We studied the functional organization of the interictal spike complex in 30 patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) using combined magnetoencephalography (MEG)/electroencephalography (EEG) recordings. Spikes could be recorded in 14 patients (47%) during the 2- to 3-h MEG/EEG recording session. The MEG and EEG spikes were subjected to separate(More)
We investigated the spatiotemporal cortical dynamics during the perception of object-motion and visually-induced self-motion perception in six normal subjects, using a 143-channel neuromagnetometer. Object-motion specific tasks evoked early transient activity over the right temporooccipital cortex, while self-motion perception, or vection, additionally was(More)