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Following attachment and entry of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) into a host cell, the HIV genomic RNA is reverse transcribed to cDNA. This step may be inhibited by hypericin, a compound that induces alterations of the retroviral capsid. Incubation of HIV with hypericin rendered the virus noninfectious. The replication of HIV was blocked early; HIV cDNA(More)
Two aromatic polycyclic diones hypericin and pseudohypericin have potent antiretroviral activity; these substances occur in plants of the Hypericum family. Both compounds are highly effective in preventing viral-induced manifestations that follow infections with a variety of retroviruses in vivo and in vitro. Pseudohypericin and hypericin probably interfere(More)
BACKGROUND Hypericin is a potent virucidal agent with activity against a broad range of enveloped viruses and retroviruses. The effective virucidal activity emanates from a combination of photodynamic and lipophilic properties. Hypericin binds cell membranes (and, by inference, virus membranes) and crosslinks virus capsid proteins. This action results in a(More)
Withaferin A and withanolide E, two steroidal lactones of plant origin were demonstrated to have specific immunosuppressive effects on human B and T lymphocytes as well as on mice thymocytes. E rosettes and EAC rosette formation by normal human T and B lymphocytes were inhibited by the two compounds at very low concentrations. The formation of mouse red(More)
Hypericin, a polycyclic aromatic dianthroquinone, is a natural plant product with antiviral properties. We report here the development of a methodology for the extraction and quantitation of hypericin from plasma and biological fluids and the adaptation of a sensitive and selective method for detection of the compound by high-performance liquid(More)