The mechanisms by which external Ca ions block sodium channels were studied by a gigaohm seal patch clamp method using membranes excised from N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells. Tetramethrin was used to prolong the open time of single channels so that the current-voltage relationship could be readily determined over a wide range of membrane potentials. Comparable… (More)
To determine how the permeant cations interact with the sodium channel, the instantaneous current-voltage (I-V) relationship, conductance-ion concentration relationship, and cation selectivity of sodium channels were studied with internally perfused, voltage clamped squid giant axons in the presence of different permeant cations in the external solution. In… (More)
The kinetics of 9-aminoacridine (9-AA) block of single Na channels in neuroblastoma N1E-115 cells were studied using the gigohm seal, patch clamp technique, under the condition in which the Na current inactivation had been eliminated by treatment with N-bromoacetamide (NBA). Following NBA treatment, the current flowing through individual Na channels was… (More)
(+)-trans-Tetramethrin, a pyrethroid insecticide, markedly prolongs the open time of single sodium channels recorded by the gigaohm-seal voltage clamp technique in a membrane patch excised from the N1E-115 neuroblastoma cell. Single channel conductance is not altered by tetramethrin. The modification by tetramethrin occurs in an all-or-none manner in a… (More)
The kinetics of strychnine block of single Na channels in bovine chromaffin cells were studied using the gigohm seal, patch-clamp technique, under the condition in which the Na current inactivation had been eliminated by treatment with N-bromoacetamide (NBA). Strychnine, applied to the cytoplasmic face of Na channels at concentrations ranging from 25 to 100… (More)
The pyrethroid tetramethrin greatly prolongs the sodium current during step depolarization and the sodium tail current associated with step repolarization of the squid axon membrane. Non-linear current-voltage relationships for the sodium tail current were analyzed to assess the open sodium channel properties which included the permeation of various… (More)
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License (CC BY-NC 4.0) which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.
Abstract Single channel recordings of Ca(2+)-activated K(+) currents were made from dissociated cockroach neurons by means of the gigaohm-seal patch-clamp technique. Bursts of single channel openings were composed of two distinct classes: the 'long-open burst' contained groups of long, rectangular, pulse-like openings with durations of 3.5 to 1.2 ms… (More)